French President Nicolas Sarkozy said that "seriously deliberating" the possibility to transfer the remains to the Pantheon of the artist Claude Monet. About it writes The Independent. Now the dust Impressionist rests in a cemetery in the village of Giverny, Haute-Normandie, which he lived for over forty years, until his death in 1926.
In 1999 the artist moved the remains to the Pantheon invited prominent specialist in Monet Vildensteyn Daniel (Daniel Wildenstein). Jacques Chirac, who was then president of France, promised to do it, but have not fulfilled promises. Sarkozy has appealed to the son Vildensteyna. According to art critic and curator Guy Vildensteyna and the reburial could coincide with the grand opening of the exhibition Monet in Paris Grand Palace in September 2010.
Also Vildensteyn recalls that in the Pantheon, the Tomb of prominent Frenchmen, had hitherto been buried, only one artist, and not great: the remains of Joseph-Marie Vienne (Joseph-Marie Vien) buried there because of the fact that his paintings like Napoleon.
In 2009, Sarkozy has expressed the intention panteonizirovat Albert Camus. After this scandal emerged in society: opposed by the son of the author of "Plague" and "outsider" and French intellectuals. They said that the president of France with his right-wing views should not encroach on the glory of the leader of existentialism. Later, Sarkozy offered to enter the Pantheon of Chopin, whose 200-year anniversary mark in 2010.
Claude Monet helped expose the deception of hotel guests
Critics have found that the London hotel Savoy, offering guests a stay in a room by Claude Monet, where the artist lived and painted views of the Thames, in fact misleads customers. In reality, the impressionist stayed in a nearby room, wrote The Daily Telegraph.
Make this conclusion the researchers have helped themselves the work of Monet. Professor John Thornes (John Thornes) from the University of Birmingham said that a reference point for scientists served as Cleopatra's Needle - the ancient Egyptian obelisk on the Victoria Embankment. In particular, they studied the geometric ratio, in which Cleopatra's Needle in the pictures is on piers of the bridge.
Monet stayed at the hotel three times, and in total have lived there for six months. In 1899, he lived on the sixth floor, but in 1900 and 1901 under the House floor given to soldiers injured in the Boer War, and the artist lived on the floor below. Every morning, he painted the sunrise over Waterloo Bridge and Charing Cross, going to work with extraordinary meticulousness.
Work at the Savoy Monet advised his friend, the painter James Whistler. Scientists compared the landscapes of Monet's works with Whistler, who lived on the sixth floor, and found the differences: American artist painted a large triangular area surface water for Waterloo Bridge, which is not visible on any picture Frenchman. Consequently, Monet painted the bridge, located on the fifth floor, on the balcony.
As a result, scientists have come to the conclusion: in 1899 the artist lived in rooms 610 and 611, and then - right under them, in rooms 510 and 511. Savoy also equipped the "Monet Room" (Monet Suite) in rooms 512 and 513. Night in a room for two people costs 720 pounds a special two-day program-paid meals costing customers of 2600 pounds.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy said that "seriously deliberating" the possibility to transfer the remains to the Pantheon of the artist Claude Monet. , Writes The Independent. It remains an impressionist rests in a cemetery in the village of Giverny, Haute-Normandie, where he lived for more than forty years, until his death in 1926.
The sense of touch the grave ..?
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to the opening of a grand exhibition Monet in Paris, the Grand Palace in September 2010.
The exhibition and so you can make a grandiose, given that .. Wildenstein dynasty multimillionaires ..
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At the auction the auction house Christie's, which will be held June 23 in London, will be put up for sale a painting by Claude Monet's "Water-Lilies" (1906), previously estimated at 40 million pounds sterling (58,6 million), writes Bloomberg.
The canvas size 87.6 to 92.7 centimeters written by the artist in 1906 in Giverny, where Monet lived for 43 years. Also on sale will feature the work of Picasso, "Portrait of Angel Fernandez de Soto (Amateur absinthe), which relate to the blue period of the artist. It is estimated approximately as high as Monet.
The auction of impressionist and modernist paintings could be one of the most expensive among similar - according to experts, Christie's, it can bring from 163.7 to 231.2 million pounds (240.9 - 340.2 million dollars).
Exhibition and so can make a grandiose, given that .. Wildenstein dynasty multimillionaires ..
Eugene, possibly to your questions will answer these two articles:
"What is the Pantheon, resting place of the best of the best? The Cathedral, built in 1789 - just on the eve of the revolution - in place of the ancient church of St. Genevieve, patroness of Paris, originally planned for Louis XV as a Catholic church. Curiously, even becoming a revolutionary necropolis, the Pantheon (in translation from the Greek "a place dedicated to the gods") and then repeatedly changed its purpose: it once again became a church, then again turned into a secular mausoleum. And in the days of the Paris Commune was even her staff.
The architect Jacques Germain Pantheon Souffle incarnation of his project and did not wait. It is alleged that the architect died, unable to bear against opponents of the project, which argued that building on the hill of St. Genevieve, as large structure (length 110 meters, width 84, height 83 meters) is impossible. The hill was partially hollow: the ancient Romans made a career here for the extraction of clay. But the temple was built -, and what! His dome above the "bowl" of the columns, which became the highest point in Paris, served as a model of the Capitol in Washington and St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg. Sculptural group on the pediment of the work of David L'Ange crowned with the inscription: "Great people - a grateful fatherland." The artist was instructed: Subjects must be appropriate for any political regimes. Therefore, there are shown and allegories homeland, freedom and history, and scientists, philosophers, and Napoleon, with barabanschikomY According to legend, L'Ange gave last appearance Andre Etienne, an old imperial drummer. One day the farmer came to Paris and saw himself on the bas-relief near Bonaparte. This so shocked the ex-drummer, that he died on the spot. In the Pantheon, of course, it is not buried.
Nevertheless, on the hill of St. Genevieve Dumas met motley company. In addition to the five writers - Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola and Andre Malraux - from 70 national heroes, buried in the Pantheon, the French have a hearing on a maximum half. Even in encyclopedic dictionaries have not the slightest mention of, say, Madame Berthelot - the only woman, registered in the tomb of the great sons of France. Who knows, that she was his wife, a chemist Marcellin Berthelot? Here is buried the remains of four dozen noble people of the First Empire, two-thirds of which are known only to historians. Near the heart of Prime Minister Leon Gambetta, sarcophagi scientist Pierre Curie and President Raymond Poincare, the inventor of the alphabet for the blind Louis Braille and Abbe GreguaraY complete absence of any system - Parisian necropolis no analogue Kremlin wall.
First place in the pantheon distributed by the decision of the National Assembly and the leadership of the noisy parliament vary depending on the direction of the revolutionary wind blowing over France. But beginning with the 1918 decision on "panteonizatsii" take the president on the recommendation of deputies, senators or academics. But as we know, every master of the Elysee their advisers and their preferences. For example, Charles de Gaulle in 1964, organized with the filing of the Minister of Culture André Malraux (later also "prescribed" in the Pantheon), the ceremony of burial ashes of Jean Moulin, the hero of the anti-Hitler resistance, murdered by the Nazis. And Francois Mitterrand began in 1981, his presidency the way with grand transfer to the Pantheon remains the leader of French socialists early XX century, Jean Jaures. We must pay tribute to Jacques Chirac: unlike his predecessors, he did not give "panteonizatsii" politicized by selecting the heroes of Dumas, an absolute figure.
By the way, it does happen, that remains a national hero in triumph contributed to the Pantheon to some time with no less enthusiasm to throw his ashes in a nearby cemetery of Saint-Etienne-du-Mont. The first is so ungrateful fate Mirabeau. In 1791, 400,000 people walked behind the hearse first speaker of the Constituent Assembly, which decided it was buried in the Pantheon. And two years later they are accused of treason Mirabeau ... Another temporary inhabitant of the Pantheon - Marat. He was - suffering from eczema thickset little man, not bad doctor and a brilliant journalist - is worshiped at him almost in prayer. From it depended the fate of the country and the lives of its citizens. But the July evening, Charlotte Corday has put an end to one of the Jacobin dictator: he was stabbed to death in their own bathtubs. A year later, the coffin with the remains of Marat, colorfully covered with purple cloths and took them all over Paris to the Pantheon. The triumph was incredible, really popular! Three months later, the same crowd that has made a triumph of Marat on his shoulders in the Pantheon, threw his body into the street. Rumor says that even the hungry dogs of the cemetery should beguile the remains of the man many decades had been ordered to call no differently as a bloodthirsty villain.
Alexandre Dumas pere, however, these painful historical reminiscences do not relate to: Stories on Olympus, he is not a lodger, and a full dweller. By signing this spring, a decree transferring the ashes of the great novelist in the Pantheon, Jacques Chirac, a fanatical admirer of literature, did not hide his enthusiasm. It was noticeable that the president had seen for a long political career, much, much agitated, leading the procession, which generated dust owner of Monte Cristo "in the Pantheon. Chirac is well aware of the deep political meaning of this action. No wonder he said: "Read and revere Dumas - to love France." http://www.itogi.ru/pda/archive/2002...94.html?page=1
Nicolas Sarkozy has decided to take care of the posthumous fate of Albert Camus. He proposed to move the remains of the flagship of existentialism in the Parisian Pantheon, call it in the posthumous fame of Voltaire, Hugo and Zola. A scandal broke out: the proposal by French President were relatives of Albert Camus, and leftist intellectuals accused Sarkozy of trying to earn popularity on behalf of the author of "Plague" and "outsider".
Ashes of Albert Camus rest in the cemetery LOURMARIN small town in southern France - where in 1958 the writer bought a house, and there he bequeathed his burial. In January 2010 the date of death of Albert Camus - he crashed in a car accident - 50 years old. In a circular dated and linked the proposal to transfer the remains of Nicolas Sarkozy, a writer in the Pantheon.
In the former church of St. Genevieve's distinguished sons of the fatherland were buried during the Great French Revolution. Since the middle of the XIX century the remains to the Pantheon tolerate less and less, and the selection becomes more severe, less buried in the Pantheon departed contemporaries, and more - those whose status is not subject to revision. This, of course, particularly true classical writers. For example, during the years of Jacques Chirac in the Pantheon reburied the remains of only two people, and that writers: Alexandre Dumas pere and Andre Malraux.
Literary "canonization" Malraux Chirac, of course, was an example for Sarkozy. Name Albert Camus in the list after Malraux seems as natural as the transition from literature of the "lost generation" of existentialism. The influence of senior writer at the junior course; Camus even engaged transcription prose Malraux for the theater. And if the authorities are talking about transferring the ashes to the Pantheon Camus half a century after his death, that Malraux was buried in a mausoleum in 20 years after his death.
It is, however, take into account the difference between the two French classics. Malraux, after the war and cast literature devoted himself to social activities: he became the party's ideology "Rally for the Republic", and then the minister of culture in the government of de Gaulle. Camus also never been a statesman, nor even as a fierce fighter, a politician, like other existentialists. This is the difference in civilian positions of writers and played a role in the matter of panteonizatsii author of "Plague".
The intention Nicolas Sarkozy Camus tribute to France journalists have learned in 10-late November. Sam French president plans almost did not comment, saying only that such a recognition of merit Camus seems to be appropriate and that he supported the idea wholeheartedly. At the same time Sarkozy said that the issue be discussed with the heirs of Albert Camus, without the permission of which no steps have been taken can not be. According to Le Monde, the representative head of state has met twice with the son of the writer, first on November 12 and then the 20 th, when the possibility of transfer of the remains already in full discussed in the press. Given that Jean Camus clearly opposed panteonizatsii father, then we can conclude that Sarkozy has persisted, and not just so.
With reporters writer's son is not talking, but friends of Jean Camus resulted in favor of his decision two simple arguments. First, the intention of the President is in contradiction with the last will of his father, who wanted to be buried in Lurmarene. Secondly, the heir does not want the name Camus served as a state. Point.
Was less categorical twin sister Jean Camus, Catherine. She and a brother, stressed that their father did not like the rewards and avoid state honors as "claustrophobic". Nevertheless, Catherine noted that, of course, such praise writer fully deserved, and that for someone to transfer his remains to the Pantheon would be important as the fact that the final recognition of Camus.
Many opponents panteonizatsii writer say that it is contrary to his position in life. With this easy to accept, if we remember the heroes of Camus: Meursault, "outsider" empty social conventions, and Dr. Bernard Rieux of "Plague", a fighter-philosopher, who are alien to ostentatious heroism and pathos of the. However, in addition to such "internal" explanations are also external, political, that come not only from the life and work of Albert Camus, how many of the interests of Nicolas Sarkozy.
This argument is extremely simple. The President has recently lost popularity, and his proposal was widely seen as an attempt to raise his rating. Clearly it is formulated Olivier Todd, a biographer of the writer: Albert Camus does not need to Sarkozy. On the contrary, it is Sarkozy wants to borrow from Camus his intellectual brilliance. " Opponents see the head of state in his actions a special cynicism: "right" politician with avtoritaristskimi manners encroaches on the glory of the charismatic philosopher single, humanist, one of the symbols of the French intellectual. "Sarkozy - a friend of Bush, Gaddafi, Putin and Berlusconi - angry French academic Jean-Yves Guerin. - His policy is opposite to all the values that are defended Camus. Recall the relationship of the current French government with a community of writers, namely, the unofficial ban on criticizing the president for the winners of the Prix Goncourt. And although Jean Camus did not argue in detail its decision in the media, many believe that he was guided by the same considerations.
It is curious that he Sarkozy, whose intellectuals so readily contrasted with the existentialist writer, rather inclined to draw parallels between his and his destiny. Camus was born in Algeria and was not full-blooded Frenchman (his mother was a Spaniard), Sarkozy was born to a Hungarian immigrant and a French Jewish descent. The French president once said that thanks to Camus feels a sense of nostalgia, arriving in Algeria, although it biographically nothing connects with the North African States. Camus's attempt to introduce to the Pantheon and equate his way to Hugo and Voltaire, regarded by many in the context of public debate about national identity, which initiated Sarkozy.
While Jean Camus persists and remains of his father lying untouched in a cemetery in Lurmarene, President of the Fifth Republic may be considered a loser in this story. The French leftist intellectuals opposed Sarkozy united front and not let "take away" from a writer. This scandal, of course, had no effect on the reputation of Albert Camus, the most charismatic personality of French literature of XX century. He gripped the minds and the embodiment of conscience of Europe during his lifetime, and for five decades after his death did not lose that status. In recent years, noted the French journalists, the popularity of the second main European existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre, has steadily declined, and author of "Plague", a figure far less controversial, is the zenith of fame. We can assume that the idea of romantic rebellion against the death was again important for the reading public. The battle against the surrounding Camus absurdity does not stop, the writer keeps the strike. Cyril tadpoles http://lenta.ru/articles/2009/11/25/camus/
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Famous London Hotel Savoy suddenly found itself in an embarrassing situation caused by art historians. For several years the hotel took a lot of money from their guests for the right to stay in the room, where for several months he lived a great impressionist Claude Monet, and looking out the windows of which, created his famous series of misty landscapes with views of the Thames. However, scientists studying the painting, came to the conclusion that in this issue of the artist never stopped.
Claude Monet, perhaps the most famous portrait painter in London, even though the Frenchman. His landscapes of the Thames, Westminster Abbey, Waterloo Bridge and Charing Cross have formed our view of the misty British capital is hardly less than the stories of Conan Doyle.
From London related to many episodes in the life of Monet. It was in this city in 1870, when the Franco-Prussian War: A 30-year-old staunch Republican, did not want to defend the interests of Napoleon III and fled to England. In London he met with Dobin and Pissarro and began work on the Thames and views of Hyde Park, which is dominated by fog. Critics point out that nature has created all the conditions of the artist: winter 1870-1871 years in London was the worst for the whole XIX century.
The next important artistic journey Monet in the British capital have fallen to the verge of XIX and XX centuries. Misty results of his work the artist presented at the exhibition in 1904 in Paris: the 37 works - the London landscape.
"London to me like more than the English countryside. Yes, I love London. It's like mass, as an ensemble, and in this case is simple. Most of all I like London fog. As British artists of the nineteenth century could write their homes brick by brick? London I love only in the winter. In the summer the town is good for its parks, but it is not in any way be compared with winter and winter fog: no fog London would not be a beautiful city. Fog gives it an amazing scale. Under its mysterious veil, monotonous, massive blocks become grandiose, "- said Monet.
At the turn of two centuries, the artist settled in London at the Hotel Savoy, a friend advised him, the American artist James Whistler painted the views of the River Thames directly from your room. Monet's advice and stayed at the Savoy "three times: in 1899, 1900 and 1901. In total, he has lived and worked there for six months, is inextricably linked in this way the name of the hotel with one of the most famous episodes in the history of Impressionism.
In the "Savoy", however, about this episode is not remembered before the start of the XXI century. Only in the "zero" Hotel managers have decided to equip the theme "Monet Room" - the one in which the artist lived and wrote in the mornings views of the Thames. The businessmen took the case thoroughly, evidence of this - the price: the night in a double room is 720 pounds, a special two-day program with lunch and dinner, wines, cocktails and a tour of the National Gallery, which are the work of Monet - 2600 pounds.
Dual "Monet Room" is equipped on the fifth floor, in rooms 512 and 513. However, it had to happen that the decision to test its methods come from critics of the University of Birmingham. Their motivation was clear: Monet is known for his precision, thoroughness in the image area, or the Savoy or the Thames, no bridges since 1900 have not gone away and therefore, the picture can understand exactly where the artist was, when the draw.
However, the advance it was known that during three trips to London, Monet stayed in different rooms. In his first visit painter lived on the sixth floor, but in 1900 it was rebuilt under the hospital wards for the soldiers who were wounded in the Anglo-Boer War, and the artist had to settle on the floor below. In a series of paintings from Waterloo Bridge captures the view from it the fifth floor: in this, scientists were convinced, by comparing his paintings with the way Thames depicted Whistler. It is known that an American artist living in the Savoy on the sixth floor, on his painting for the bridge is seen the wide section of the river, and a Monet - only a narrow strip of water.
As Monet worked on the London landscape? Ezheutrenne he ate two English breakfast, and then, sitting in the hotel, drew the sunrise over Waterloo Bridge and Charing Cross. He then crossed the river and from the hospital of St. Thomas drew the parliament building. The artist with him were about a hundred canvases: to reflect the look of London's attractions as accurately as possible, he drew on each of them only at certain times of day and under certain weather conditions (this method works Monet already tested when he created a series devoted to the stacks and Rouen Cathedral). This Westminster and bridges in the London series of Monet shine a wide variety of shades of mist.
Thus, critics have undertaken to check where exactly was supposed to be an observer to see the Thames and bridges as depicted in paintings. A reference to them served as Cleopatra's Needle - the ancient Egyptian obelisk, set on the Victoria Embankment. Researchers compared how the situation is relatively needle bearings of the bridge when viewed from different windows of the building. They came to a disappointing for "Savoy" conclusion: it turns out, Monet did not live in the "Non Monet, and in the neighborhood - in rooms 510 and 511.
When journalists asked to comment on the staff "Savoy", they did not have to hide deception: it turns out, when the room has a theme for the first time, make an elegant atmosphere in those very rooms was impossible. It turned out that Monet lived is not nearly as elegant as the current guests are "Savoy", and shared the bathroom with the inhabitants of three other rooms. His room was turned into luxury apartments only in 1910, when they were destroyed and balconies, one of whom worked for the artist. But now the hotel is a large-scale repairs, and representatives of "Savoy" has promised that, when in September the hotel will reopen for visitors, "Monet Room" will be located at the right place.
On Thursday in London were "bidding century impressionism and modernism. So positioned their organizers, experts auction house Christie's. These trades and receive: and the volume of proceeds, and the sensational neprodazham. The overall result - $ 226.5 million - a record for such auctions in the UK. However, the flagship, the canvas of Claude Monet's "Water-lily", which was estimated at $ 45-60 million, has not reached the threshold of a minimum price of the transaction and was withdrawn from the auction.
Two years ago, prices for "Water-lily, Monet took off at times. Christie's sold the work in 1919 with a double exceeded the estimate - for 80.45 million dollars. The canvas has established an absolute record for the artist and still ranks sixth in the ranking of the most expensive works of art sold at public auction. And this time the experts were waiting for new sensations.
The situation on the art market to possess. The art of the first half of the twentieth century is on the rise. Over the past six months has been established two world records: "Nude on a background of green leaves and bust" by Pablo Picasso has collected 106.5 million dollars, "Running man I" Alberto Giacometti - 104,3 million dollars. "Water-Lilies" were to continue the series of records. A curious fact. Christie's sold this same work (1906) Ten years ago, with great success. In 2000 she became the most expensive lot of trades and went for 20.9 million dollars. This time, the experts expected to help out a sheet of at least 45-60 million dollars and called it the top hit the auction.
However, collectors have made their verdict. The stakes could hardly reached up to 43.5 million. No one else offered. The picture was removed from the auction. With "water lilies" has happened for the first half century of their sales at Christie's (the first Monet in this plot was sold in 1959 for 13,000 pounds). Why did this happen? "The film aroused great interest among our customers, but when the time came to" click ", they behave passively", - told Izvestia, the representative of Christie's Sandra Nedvetskaya. Her colleague Matthew Paton said that now, when the bidding ended, collectors have been active again, and, perhaps, work will still be sold.
Whatever it was, "Christie's should be proud of precedent. On Thursday, the auction showed: collectors do not lend themselves to experts. They decide for themselves. Such conscious clientele today, few people can boast.
Why Water-Lilies "cause stir at auction? On this question, "Izvestia said Vitaly Mishin, a leading researcher Pushkin Museum of Fine:" Perhaps the fact that the pictures on this motif, has long entered the consciousness of the broad community of art lovers. They are strongly associated with the name of Monet, as are numerous and are found in many museums around the world. However, I think, if on the art market by some miracle appeared on canvas in a series of councils, he would not have attracted less interest. "