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Marina Khrustaleva, chairman of the Moscow Architecture Preservation Society (MAPS):
"In all Moscow today there are about 10 000 structures, including sheds and gates, built before 1917, and less than 4 000 of them are objects of cultural heritage. Pace, what is now demolished buildings, you can all the old Moscow to wipe out before our children grow up. The historic environment - resources are being depleted, such as oil, gas and water. Replace it nothing. Demolish houses that do not have the status of the monument, simple. If the object is protected by state, then the situation becomes more complicated, but not much. There are three levels of state protection: the object of cultural heritage values of the federal, regional and local values. First degree - most important, but it can be lowered to the first regional and then to the local with the help of expert advice. In favor of any investor, who liked the building, written statement: so and so, it would be advisable to lower the status of the monument. Will a commission of experts (in different years it was the commission at Moscomarchitecture at Heritage Committee, it is now the Interdepartmental Commission Resin), where the proposal is considered. They write an opinion, and the house goes down in status. Then the house are being withdrawn from the list of objects of cultural heritage. This happened with the hotel "Moscow" and the Post Exchange. They were considered to be the item of cultural heritage - this means that within a year after identification, they should have been given appropriate protective status. It took much more than a year, the status for some reason not given, the famous hotel and department store was demolished. such identified sites, which no one has not yet been assigned a status in the archives of the Moscow Heritage Committee, hundreds. The protection of monuments is regulated by the Federal Law № 73-FZ "On Objects of cultural heritage (monuments of history and culture) of RF nations" from 2002. But it applies only to those buildings that are included in the appropriate registers. But full, and most importantly, public registry of monuments or in Moscow or in Russia until recently did not exist. This was a strategically important and secret information. Now the situation is beginning to change, but the full lists in the form of inexpensive illustrated books, or base, as is customary in Europe and the U.S., we still do not.
When in 2006 the post of chairman of the Moscow Heritage Committee came Valery Shevchuk, it was announced that will now fight against violators. The whole struggle has been reduced to the fact that the fall of 2008 for all television channels were reporting on the poor woman, ruining the mansion on the Taganka Square. She, like many others, bought the building, are built on the attic, roughly and absurdly spoiled appearance of the monument. But it was flogging a non-commissioned officer's widow, which is also hiding abroad. Home away from her, but a woman was fined a negligible amount. But such cases - hundreds of them.
In the book "Chronicle of the destruction of old Moscow. 1990-2006 "lists the order of seven hundred historical buildings were torn down or hopelessly corrupted in this era of construction boom. is ready to seven hundred criminal cases, that prosecutors have not been filed. After our first report, "Moscow Heritage. Point of no return "in the Heritage Committee began meeting with the public: during the months anyone could come there for the last Friday of the month and ask his question. It was noisy, not always positive and very tiring "meeting", but they, in my opinion, were extremely important. We must pay tribute to Valery Shevchuk - he just answered every question, he immediately gave orders to their staff and to accustom them to dialogue with citizens. Then, unfortunately, this practice has diminished.
Our first record was released in May 2007, and within six months after its release, not a single registered object of cultural heritage was destroyed. In 2008, the pendulum has swung in the opposite direction, and this year the situation has reached such proportions that did not exist five years ago. Because we all know that we have a crisis. It would seem that there is no money for new construction, and it's time to look after what is left. And with the monuments here because what history: is the house of the nineteenth century. Plaster's down - the seventeenth century. Climbed into the basement - but there archeology. By law, should carry out further studies, but some builders are idle! Investors - too. And in May this year established an interdepartmental committee under the Moscow Government on formulation of objects with historical and cultural value, under state protection as cultural heritage sites of regional significance under the leadership of Vladimir Resin. It has almost the same powers as the Heritage Committee. Here are considering for one hundred times the newly identified sites of cultural heritage. A certain percentage of buildings they pose to health, the rest are being withdrawn from the list. At the first meeting of the committee Resin June 17 saved 80 E, 20 have gone under the knife. But if you look closely, it turns out that 80 addresses - it is mostly single homes and 20 - complexes. Villas, factories, workers' settlements - 131 buildings in total. By the way, at the same meeting it was decided to save and restore complex of houses in Sadovnicheskaya waterfront, but the fact that one house collapsed, and three Tajiks, held in the same house with no one coherent building an underground garage, killing, was demolished and the whole quarter. Without any expert approvals. During the five days. In violation of all rules. And it is - an absolute voluntarism on the background of a very active protests of public organizations, on the background of a very high involvement media.
Moreover, during the summer destroyed the order of tens of historic buildings. in the list accompanying the order "On Combating Terrorism", 110 addresses - all have been demolished by July 1, but slowed down a bit. This is a blatant cynicism, just terror and genocide against the civilian population. The late gradozaschitnitsa Ludmila Melikov, died in early August due to injuries sustained during a picket against the illegal construction at the corner of Rozhdestvenka and Kuznetsk Bridge, gathered a huge dossier on the demolition of each of the architectural monument. Down all the violations of the law. Carried a statement by the prosecutor's office received another batch of threats, and further, nothing happened, no one punished. Her death - the first human death in this field in the history of domestic human rights movements, including the heroic 80-ies, when people chained themselves with chains to the bulldozer.
Potters, vlad. 21
It was: the oldest house Taganka Square
After: squatter recognized illegal