Church of the Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God, destroyed by the Bolsheviks in 1934.
Home in Moscow church, consecrated in the name of Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God, stood before the revolution in China-Town, near Lubyanka Square, in the beginning Nikolskaya street. It was founded by a vow queen Natalie Naryshkina where anciently stood a chapel with Vladimirsky way. This chapel, like the church, were based on the road and near the very spot where in 1395 the Muscovites with reverence and awe greeted a miraculous image of Our Lady of Vladimir, hoping to find salvation from the terrible Tamerlane, who was walking with his army to Moscow.
And in memory of the legendary, fateful for the Moscow meeting was based not only Moscow Sretensky Monastery and the Chapel of Vladimir in the Moscow suburb of, and behind her - and the parish church of Vladimir Nikolsky. Its scaly Glaucus, "like a hedgehog, bristling with thorns," as the modern moskvoveda, was far from visible to neighborhoods and beautiful rose above the ancient buildings Nikolskaya street.
It is believed that the ancient chapel with Vladimirsky way was built here at the gates of the Kremlin, in the same 1395, when the icon was met in Moscow, or later, but it is in honor of this event, the Muscovite custom. Either way, the chapel stood here long before the construction of the walls of Kitai-Gorod. And when in 1534 the Italian architect Petrok Lesser, an architect of the Kremlin Assumption Belfry, began to erect a fortress wall, then at this stage it is closely joined to the chapel: then there was constructed a tower with a gate, obtained the official name of "Nikolskye" on local streets and Vladimirskie "- on the chapel. And then, some in the XVI century with a list of the Vladimir Icon was placed on the outer wall of the tower of St. Nicholas China-town. This tower and was at the site of the most epochal for Moscow Sretenskaya road ...
And she Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkin decided to build here a church, consecrated in the name of Vladimir icon. After that time, not only in Moscow but in this historic place has not been a single parish church in honor of the miraculous icon, but only Sretensky monastery and chapel. And festive processions from the Kremlin committed directly to the monastery. The queen took a vow - to build a church here.
The reason was not only a remarkable place - the queen was of the Vladimir icon of his patron, since her birthday falls on a day feast of the miraculous icon. And it Vladimirsky manner, parents of Queen (from other sources, her caregiver Boyar Matveev) blessed her on her wedding day with Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich in the distant 1671. This is the ancestral image of widowed empress and complained to the king's gift novoustroennuyu in the church, although before the consecration of his church obetnogo she had no chance to survive.
Construction of the beautiful church in the bright, patterned Naryshinsky Baroque style was begun under the personal order of Peter I, who loved his mother very, summer 1691 on state funds Archer's orders, and it was consecrated in October 1694. Then to it was installed procession from the Kremlin - 21 May in commemoration of the miraculous salvation of Moscow from the raids of the Crimean Khan in 1521.
Interestingly this. Because of its location the church was assigned to Zaikonospassky monastery that on Nikolskaya Street, and it was his clergy serving in the Moscow's Cathedral of the ordinary. However, Vladimir's church was not and could not be joining her in the commercial suburb of Moscow, on the other hand, wrote a pre-revolutionary local historian, in this "besprihodnoy" the church has been the advent of the whole of Moscow, and everyone who went on Nikolskaya Street, certainly came into the temple to pray; Mediatrix of the human race and Savior in Moscow.
Priceless relics of Vladimir Church meet the "palace" status of the temple, erected a vow queen. She became his first presenters, followed by Naryshkina this Kitaygorodsky church and gave Elizabeth, and Maria Feodorovna - rich shroud and air, embroidered hands empresses. Image Vernicle, in a manner "fryazhskogo letters, was, according to legend, written by Simon Ushakov. In the second half of XVIII century architect Vasily Bazhenov built a huge temple in the iconostasis. List of the Vladimir Icon of the beginning of XIX century, a magnificent golden chasuble adorned with precious diamonds, pearls, emeralds and rubies - it was a gift of the famous Earl N. Sheremetev bequest, as the former salary of the miraculous icon of the temple was a "lightweight".
Opposite the church of Vladimir on the left side Nikolskaya once stood the yard of his grandfather, an associate of Peter the Great, the first Russian of Count Boris Petrovich Sheremetev. And his daughter, Natalia, is bitterly mourned the dead emperor Peter II, who heavily favored her husband, Prince Dolgoruky. After the death of a minor ruler, she was deported to Siberia, and her husband was executed. Now the old bytouklade when, along with Moscow's put him in a privileged China-town households were wealthy boyars, there recall only the names of local Cherkassky Lane - the court of Count Sheremetev at one time belonged to Prince Cherkassky. Later all the aristocratic residents pushed the trade shop, training educational institutions, but business centers in Moscow, China-Town.
In the church there was another image of Our Lady of Vladimir, in a silver frame - the one who blessed the patriarch Joachim Queen Naryshkin at the wedding of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.
And in 1805 the church came and a new chapel, which was placed a list of icons in a beautiful silver chasuble, arranged for donation to wealthy Muscovites. In that century there was already a famous "break" - the new bushing Gate Chinese city wall, Dig for the sake of convenience, the passage on Nikolskaya street. These prolomnye gates are often termed "Vladimirskaya.
Y "Gap" was the famous collapse of the Moscow bookshops (the second largest after Sukharevka), which is constantly rummaging "zashiblennye book" passionate bibliophiles in search of rarities. One of these inhabitants of the "Gap" was a historian and head of the cadets, the professor PNMilyukov, when he was a student at Moscow University, came here on a daily basis to hold the old and valuable book in their hands - and to supplement their home library.
Even in Soviet times, this tradition is happy to continue - as if in memory of the collapse "in the Gap" is here built a popular second-hand bookshop "Book discovery".
But the fate of the Moscow church was sad - the fall of 1932 it was closed and transferred to the police club. And the summer of 1934 it was demolished along with the wall of China-town, and exactly in the 400-year anniversary of the Moscow fortress. Now in place of the temple - the roadway of the street.
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Church of St. Nicholas "Grand Cross", destroyed by the Bolsheviks in 1933.
Before the Revolution Church of St. Nicholas stood on Ilyinke and popularly nicknamed "Grand Cross".
He constructed it in 1680-1688 years of rich merchants from Arkhangelsk brothers Filatevy, ordered a build yourself a splendor that would be glorified and themselves hramozdateley, their generosity and zeal to pious deeds. Unfortunately, the names of architects, we do not know.
The lower floor served as a burial place, and in the temple itself were two entrances through the porch, raised three arches and beautifully carved in white stone. An elegant building was almost square, the second and third tiers were decorated with capitals, and large windows framed by lush trims.
The most unusual was located at the top of the building - are unknown to the master in the lower tier of a two-tier hexagonal end placed windows, beautiful and unusual forms of Moscow, and upper ribbed shells filled, so loved by Russian masters after Fryazino Aleviz New, who built the Cathedral of the Archangel in the Kremlin.
Similar shells were placed in the base and elongated necks of all the five domes, decorated with embossed stars.
Interior of the church was a match for her appearance. Ornaments are considered a majestic carved iconostasis, like a piece of jewelry. The sights of the temple, from where he got his name, was standing at the choir-foot wooden cross, arranged by the same brothers Filatevymi, which have been concluded more than a hundred relics of various saints.
Near the church stood a tower, which was built simultaneously with it, but topped by a pseudo-closed after a fire in 1812.
Text quoted from the book: Romaniuk SK Moscow. Loss. M.: Izd VET "Center", 1992. 336 pp., Il.
From the blog http://www.liveinternet.ru/community...post107606346/
The official reason for the demolition of the temple was that it went far on the porch, sidewalk and prevented the movement. First, in 1933, dismantled the porch, and then the church itself.
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Very nice view of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was called when you ride a car down from the metro station "Universitet" metro bridge across to Komsomolskaya Avenue.
Road and would like to call "the road to the Temple."
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Empire Inteko "
Here are the objects of the empire "Inteko, decorated decisions Luzhkov (right note, it is only about the facts published).
1.Mikrorayon business-class "Grand Park" - the southern part of Khodynsky fields: total living area of 420 000 square. m. Half invested "Mosfundamentstroy-6, and the other half -" Inteko. Voiced plans to expand the building.
2.Mikrorayon "Aero-Park" - also Khodynskoye field: total area of 950 000 square. m of hotels, offices, apartments, retail space. Also mixed with "Maus Fung dament system-6.
Forbes magazine notes that Victor Nesterenko, director and principal owner MFS-6, with the late 1990's fought hard to start developing the former airfield. But only in 2002, when the project appeared Inteko, construction has begun.
3.Mikrorayon business class "Shuvalov at the intersection of the Lomonosov and Michurinsky prospectuses. The total area of 275 000 square. Investor m. Construction was established by government decree in Moscow from 23.07.2002 № 581-PP "On the construction of the Fundamental Library of Moscow State University. MV University and residential quarters on the land of Lomonosov Avenue (West administrative district), but find this document on the website of the Moscow authorities have not yet succeeded. Prospects for the development of the project - up to 1 million square feet. meters of housing. As compensation for land, which previously belonged to MSU, "Inteko has financed the construction of a new library. In Chamber such exchange has caused a lot of questions (see the panel of the RF from 07.07.06 № 25K (492), but no impact was not.
4.Uchastok on Michurinskom Avenue - 3 hectares. OOO "Territorial Directorate" Ramenskaya plans to build 120 thousand square meters. meters of housing. 50%TD "Ramenskaya", according to "Spark-Interfax, belongs to CJSC INTECO, another 50%- CJSC" Minor ", which the CEO is the brother of Elena Baturina Victor. Documents on the building of Khodynka and Michurinsky Avenue became the first municipal administrative documents in the field of development, published after pereutverzhdeniya Yuri Luzhkov, the mayor of Moscow, July 6, 2007. Over the right to sign the land lease contract for Michurinskom Inteko "should pay 348.9 million rubles (or $ 12.9 million for the Central Bank exchange rate on the day of release orders), which corresponds to the value of $ 4.3 million per hectare, according to documents the town hall. Experts called the price too low.
"Approximate cost of land can be estimated at a cost of $ 200 per built square meter. Thus, the value of the site could reach $ 24 million ", - says the vice-president Michael Blackwood Goetz in Kommersant on 19/07/2007.
5.Mikrorayon economy-class "Kutuzov" in Odintsovo district, three kilometers from Moscow on Mozhayskoe highway. Investor - SU-155, co-investor - Inteko. 500 000 square. meters of housing.
6. "Molzhaninovo" - 225 hectares for housing for the ring road in the airport Sheremetyevo.
7.Na shared with Mirax Group and the Federal Grid Company (subsidiary of RAO UES of Russia) Elena Baturin is building a site on the north of Moscow, which is a high-voltage power line.
8.Zhiloy complex Granatny Lane in the territory of the Moscow Humanitarian Pedagogical Institute Inteko "erects with ST-Group.
9. "Mendeleev" - on the street Heroes Panfilov, possession of 20, the construction of commercial housing in the territory of Chemical Technology of Russia University (RCTU) them. DI Mendeleev. Inteko "was co-investor to ZAO SU-155" and OOO "Athena". Area - 70 000 sq. km. m (may increase to 150 000 square meters. m).
10. "Kuzminki Weaving." Buildings regulated directly by several decisions of the government in Moscow - from 18.02.2003 № 104-PP "About placing housing, cultural, domestic, municipal and other types of construction in Moscow, 2003-2010." Dated 25.12.2001 № 1166-HB "On city planning area development plan of South-Eastern Administrative District up to 2020" dated 24.12.2002 № 1046-PP "On the building of neighborhood Kuzminki (st. Okskaya - Volga Boulevard) in South-Eastern Administrative District, as well as the order of 20 January 2004 № 26-RP "On measures to enforce the decree of the Government of Moscow dated 24.12.2002 № 1046" On the building of neighborhood Kuzminki (st. Okskaya - Volga Boulevard) in South-East administrative district of the first and the completion of the reorganization of the territory of the industrial zone number 56 "Grayvoronovo" (square and 115). Investor of the construction and the withdrawal of industrial enterprises, according to these documents, was "Inteko. The first phase - 300 000 sq. km. m, but experts suggest, the prospects of the project - construction of 800 000 sq. km. am the Moscow Government dated 20 January 2004 number 26-RP to ZAO Inteko responsible for investor-builder for works on the reorganization of the second stage of the industrial zone number 56 "Grayvoronovo" (sq. 115a), the withdrawal of enterprises and building vacated territory .
11.Sokolniki - Resolution of Moscow Government from September 23, 2003 № 795-PP "On the construction of a complex of residential houses in the liberated territory of industrial area Sokolniki (HLW)" at: Popov Ave, ow. 4, 4a, 2 and Rusakovskaya nab. Ow. 7, ZAO Inteko attract investors to build housing estate and the subsequent release of the property to him "and raised them in due course co-investors: a total floor area - 70%total non-residential area - 70%area of the underground parking garage -- 85%of parking spaces and common areas, as well as 100%of the total space of service providers. CJSC INTECO "" released: from the pay equity in the development of urban utility networks and facilities in the issuance of technical conditions for accession, from royalty to the development of social and engineering infrastructure of the city of Moscow. It is about the construction of 60 thousand square. Already am Dec. 25, 2007 Luzhkov signed a new decree, under which "Inteko relies not 70%and 94%of the ownership of the constructed building. With the cost of a square space housing a thousand dollars and the market price of apartment. m in the region 4-5 thousand dollars in the 2007 case of profit about $ 200 million and is just one of many examples.
12.Bolshaya Pirogovskaya - the Moscow Government dated November 21, 2003 № 2132-RP "On the design of dwelling house at the address: Str. Most Pirogovskaya, 51 (CAO), "the investor to implement in 2003-2004. design of residential homes on the site slated for demolition of dilapidated residential structure at the address specified CJSC INTECO.
13.Stroitelstvo elite residential house in Krivoarbatsky Lane (d. 4, p. 4). According to the decree of the Government of Moscow dated March 16, 2004 № 154-PP "On measures to complete the construction of dormitories for students with disabilities and the theater building at: Reserve pr, 10/12, and a dwelling house at: Krivoarbatskiy Lane. , 4, p. 4 ", investor - company Inteko" gets 100%ownership of residential and nonresidential areas. For this "Inteko must complete the construction of an extension to the existing building of the State Specialized Institute of Arts, which is part of Rossiyskogo international center for creative rehabilitation of the disabled, hostels for students with disabilities and the theater building in the Kiev railway station (at the Reserve Proezd 10.12 ), as well as to compensate the former investor JSC "Corporate development of innovative technologies in the regions" costs incurred in the performance of obligations under the investment contract on June 24, 2002 number DZHP.02.TSAO. 00359, in the prescribed manner.
14.Zhiloy quarter Perov. This is a joint project of the Department of investment construction programs of Moscow (Dipsy) and CJSC INTECO, which were funded in equal parts design and construction of residential buildings with a total area of 30 thousand square meters. m at the following addresses: Federated Prospect, 14, Bldg. 1 and 14, p. 12; st. Metallurgists, 60 a, p. 9, and d. 60, p.10 locally owned JSC "Inservis-sim" dilapidated buildings. The Moscow Government dated 31 July 2003 № 1357-RP "On making amendments and additions to the Government of Moscow dated 18.10.2002 № 1 578-RP" On the construction of houses at the following addresses: Federated prospekt, 14. Bldg. 1 and 14, p. 12; st. Metallurgists, 60 a, p. 9, and d. 60, p. 10 (Eastern Administrative District).
15.Proekt Northern Butovo. More than 60 000 square meters. m of housing and infrastructure on land owned by the State agency "All-Russia Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Russia Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS VILAR), neighborhood 8A (1.2 ha) and 9 (3.65 hectares) of Northern Butova (disposal of the Government of Moscow from May 22, 2003 № 841-RP "On the construction of houses in the neighborhood 8 A and 9 of the Northern Butova"). The same document also provides for the elimination of economic center VILAR RAAS and release stains Building 6 A neighborhood in North Butovo.
16.15-I Park Street - the Moscow Government dated 31 December 2003 № 2457-SPM on the construction in 2004-2005. houses with built-adjoined residential spaces and parking garages on the site planned to demolish the office building of the Defense Ministry, which is located at: ul. 15-I Park, 31 (Eastern Administrative District) function of the customer to build objects entrusted to the company Inteko.
17.Territoriya MIFI - the Moscow Government dated May 24, 2002 № 719-RP defined implementation in 2003-2007. integrated area development MEPI in proletarian Avenue apartment buildings at the expense of attracting investors - CJSC INTECO "and OOO" Finance house "basis and the company.
18.Rasporyazheniem Government of Moscow dated June 30, 2004 № 1292-RP dwelling house at: Sadovaya-Sukharevskaya, Building 10, Building 1 (TSAO of Moscow), recognized as an emergency with the further reconstruction of a non-residential purposes. In accordance with the Moscow Government dated August 4, 2003 № 1381-RP "On the reconstruction Rozhdestvensky Boulevard and neighborhoods 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 270 Meshchansky District Central Administrative District with construction starting houses" investor-customer in Financing for the design and implementation in 2003-2007. comprehensive reconstruction of block 270 Meshchansky district (which includes a house 10, page 1 Street. Sadovaya-Sukharevskaya) is a closed joint stock company Inteko.
19.Rasporyazheniem government of Moscow from July 14, 2004 № 1415-RP "On the complex reconstruction of buildings at the address: Str. Ilinka, 3 /8, p. 3, 4 and Epiphany Lane., 6, p. 1 "in order to provide a comprehensive reconstruction of the territory of the historical center of Moscow, as well as taking into account the poor technical condition of the buildings are single architectural complex (" Warm trade rows "), ZAO Inteko allowed to perform in 2004-2007. complex reconstruction of buildings 3, 4 home 3 /8 on the street. Ilyinke and structure of 1 house number 6 on Bogoyavlensky Lane. As well as new construction of multi administrativnogostinichnogo complex with underground parking with a total area of up to 20 000 square meters. m.
20. "Moscow City". In late 2005, "Inteko bought 50%shares of developer company" City Palace "from ST Group. The other 50%owned by an offshore company C & T Equity Ltd. Ltd. "City Palace has become a developer building a" Moscow-City-wide area with a mixed-use complex comprising the Moscow Wedding Palace area of 2000 square meters. m, underground parking for 1500 places, offices, retail space and a hotel.
21.Setun. Second after the "Aero-Park" on the scale of the project "Inteko - 570 000 sq. km. m of offices and hotels in Minsk street next to Victory Park. Inteko is planning to build on the bank Setun retail and office complex "Cosmo Park" on an area of 180 ha reserve in the territories "Valley Setun, derived from the protected zone in 2006 to the Moscow government.
22.Sadovnicheskaya Quay - business center on 35 000 square meters. m.
23.U "Inteko three sites in Moscow under the hotel: in addition to Ilinka a plot on Prospekt Mira, and Nagatino backwater.
Why was it necessary to break the beautiful pool, a publicly accessible, user-friendly. There is Isaac here and went to. Why spend so much on a replica and where the money?
And in general it is not in the church where nobody lives, and in general the image of the historic city of a centuries-old and well preserved. Why turn the city in New York?
But the fate of the Moscow church was sad - the fall of 1932 it was closed and transferred to the police club. And the summer of 1934 it was demolished along with the wall of China-town, and exactly in the 400-year anniversary of the Moscow fortress. Now in place of the temple - roadway.
We in Odessa is the same story, but there still on the bones of great people enjoying themselves, in which topic you can tell about this?
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Paul, sorry that I separate from the thoughts, but you know that it was at this point to the pool? : mad:
Well, the pool was not always there, and St. Isaac's Cathedral is very far from Moscow.
By the way there is in the Kremlin cathedrals and ancient. One could use. True restaurant there has nowhere to go.
Actually it is not in the churches and in the general appearance of the city, cheap hotels, well-functioning urban passenger transport, accessible public catering, no national Americanisms.
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At People's Artist of Russia Valery Balabanov is a well-known painting "The Swimmer", dedicated to the memory of Christ the Savior, then nevostanovlennogo.
Maybe someone has a reproduction of it? Interesting for those times-the early 80's, work and well-known fact that when he saw her, Patriarch Alexy II, has decided to repairing the Temple.