Старый 11.02.2010, 20:13 Язык оригинала: Русский       #11
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But models of this class are rarely fall on free sale. And if the judge of this art has an interest in forming his own collection, he is forced or patience, or draw attention to current models, which offer masters. In Europe there are several small shops that produce high-quality models of sailing ships in a wide stylistic range. But the cost of their models is extremely high because of the high cost of living in this very Europe. Garazd more than shops in this region "lovers." They make wonderful models, but for themselves. This part of the master sees this creativity is not from an economic point of view. They make models and show them on the arrangements for the members' club. " Especially good is the craft and his "public life" have been established in France. In Russia and Ukraine, also was unique, compared with Europe, the situation is. It is now live and work outstanding masters who work in order. And all models, which are building their shops can be the basis of collections at home or in other regions of the world. So far most of these works have kollenkionerov settle in other regions of the world. " I'll talk further about masters in more detail referring to their works.



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Старый 11.02.2010, 23:58 Язык оригинала: Русский       #12
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What an interesting turn of topics! I have long been after a visit to Maritime Museum in Barcelona in 1992 (?) Or in 1993 realized that not leave any great maritime power, do not visit the Maritime Museum.
I saw in Istanbul, Venice, Lisbon. There is, of course, is full of wonderful patterns and pictures. and portraits (admirals and pirates different). In the Catholic countries of the Mediterranean - funny votive picture with a dedication to various saints (usually St. Nicholas), saving from destruction and death on the water. It was mass production. But most importantly, in my opinion, in such museums - they are the real royal court for ceremonies and recreation, are always in excellent condition, with a magnificent gilt carvings, etc. In Istanbul, for example, wonderful Sultan caiques Rococo. Somewhere off on the figure museum in Lisbon - find here let down. Recovers, threw. Look!



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Старый 12.02.2010, 07:37 Язык оригинала: Русский       #13
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Старый 12.02.2010, 08:47 Язык оригинала: Русский       #14
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What an interesting turn of topics! I have long been after a visit to Maritime Museum in Barcelona in 1992 (?) Or in 1993 realized that not leave any great maritime power, do not visit the Maritime Museum.
Museums are interesting to us that they collected samples of reference for this art. A potential customer can find here examples of the style, information about the history of both the ships, prototypes, and models of these ships. A history of models is no less interesting than the story of real ships.

History of the British ship model from the collection of Peter I the Central Naval Museum

   The collection of ship models, gathered at the Central Naval Museum in St. Petersburg, numbering almost 2,000 units, one of the most famous is the model of English stopushechnogo ship of the first rank "Royal Sovereign", which belonged to Peter I.

Over two hundred years, this model, according to records, had no connection to a particular ship, and was considered a gift to the English King William III of Orange to the Russian Tsar Peter I during his stay last from 11 January to 23 April 1698 in England. The reason for more detailed study of the history of the model were the activities associated with the tercentenary anniversary of the visit by Peter I of England.

   We beg to differ with the affirmative opinion of the time and because of the appearance of the model in Russia. Let's start with the history of the ship, whose appearance has kept this beautiful model. According to recent studies Brion Leveri - keeper of the collection of ship models National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, stopushechny ship "Royal Sovereign", a character displays a model, was not newly-built ship and restyled (rebuilding). We used some elements of the body, including the keel, the first English ship trehdechnogo 's Sovereign the Seas ", launched in 1637 and later rebuilt twice - in 1660 and 1685. - Without changing the size of the shell. In the same period, he received new name first "Sovereign" and then "Royal Sovereign". In 1697 the fault of the personnel of the ship was burned in Chatham (Professor AP Cherche represents other data: the ship was burned by an accidental fire in 1696 in Woolwich during the repair).
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   Work on rebuilding the burned vehicle in 1697 commissioned the famous English shipwright Fischer Harding, specially relocated to Woolwich from Depford. The ship was launched in July 1701, he was more than 10%exceeded the size of its predecessor and has turned out so successful that it was the standard for first-class ships, built later by the regulations in 1719 "Royal Sovereign" concluded the service in 1768, .

   That model shows the ship "Royal Sovereign" in 1701, proved in the works of British historians Shipmodelling R. Anderson and G. Robinson, after a visit to the Maritime Museum in St. Petersburg - publications held in the March issue of "Mariners Mirrow" for 1914 They have made a comparative assessment of dimensions of the vessel, determined by measurement model with dimensions stopushechnyh five ships of the time: "Royal William" (1692), "Queen" (1693), "Victory" (1695), "Britain" (1700) and " Royal Sovereign (1701). Studies have shown the complete identity of the model at a scale of 1:48 of this magnitude, with the last of these ships. This fully confirmed the senior researcher of the museum AL Larionov and ship builders, AS Grebenshchikov conducting measurements of the model in our day and compare the results with the dimensions of the ship.

   The model is made in the style of «Navy Board», which we call Admiralteisky (admiralty). This style is characteristic only of the British models created during the "golden age" sudomodelirovaniya (1650-1780-e). These were the so-called "supported by a complete" model, sometimes with the rig, but often without them. The key distinguishing features of these models is the lack of plating below barhouta and the availability of carefully executed artistic decoration of the body.

    Of course, for making models, such as "Royal Sovereign", took a considerable time. Known examples of a single model to bookmark the new ship. In the case of the "Royal Sovereign", when the ship was burned by an accidental fire, such a "prudence" as the construction of pre-model "tunable" ship, and altogether unlikely. Accordingly, the longer any doubt the fact of giving a model ship "Royal Sovereign" Peter I in the spring of 1698 during his stay in England with the Great Embassy.

   New version of the donation model to Peter I by the English King William III appeared in the inventory of the cabinet of Peter the Great in the Kunstkammer made up his guard Osip Belyaev in 1795 in this book model is presented as a "model British ship of 120 guns, presented to Peter the Great, William, King of England . Subsequently, this version has removed in later inventories and catalogs Model-camera and the Maritime Museum, she was present in the operating records of the Central Naval Museum.

   Working on the attribution model, we conducted a study of heraldic elements in the decoration of the model. Some of them - such as the royal arms of William III on the bow shape latrines, a monogram on the Protection of the quarter and the monogram on the horse-cloth horse figure on taffrail - confirmed that the model displays a ship built during the period of William III on the throne from 1688 to 1702

   The coat of arms family coat of arms of the Stuarts, who were on the English throne in the years 1603-1714. Escutcheon divided into four parts. The first and fourth relate to England, the second - to Scotland, the third - to Ireland. The components of the coat of arms of England were three lions and lilies. Lions "Passau" (going on four legs) appeared on the first coat of arms of England, which was depicted on the state seal of Richard I the Lionheart around 1195 in the second part of the British coat of arms shows a lily. Lily is a traditional emblem of the kings of France. The English King Edward III, expressing the claim to the French throne, changed the state seal, so that on it, except the British Lions, attended the French Quarter Emblem. As such, there was a print of 1340 to 1801, when George III finally refused to add his title the words "King of France". Coat of arms of Scotland - a red lion "rapman" (rampant) - on a gold background appeared on the flag of King William the Lion Scott's (1165-1214). Coat of arms of Ireland - harp.

   In our model revealed two mutually exclusive royal coat of arms. At the bow shape emblem of William III of Orange (1688-1702). This fully corresponds to the "perestroika" of the ship "Royal Sovereign" (1697-1701). Being the spouse of Mary Stewart - daughter of James II, William III retained the usual coat of arms Stewart, only adding to the middle of a small shield with the emblem of the French kind of Nassau (the lion - "rapman").

   The big puzzle is the second royal coat of arms discovered in the stern of the ship - is the emblem of Anna Stewart. A special feature of the reign of Queen was the fact that she ascended the throne in 1702, up to 1707 had a typical emblem of the Stuarts, and in the years 1707-1714. - Another emblem, reflecting the fact that associations of England and Scotland (in the first and fourth quarters represented the merger of coats of arms of England and Scotland, the lions "Passau" lion "rapman"). In addition, the elements of the decorative board sign a monogram Anna in the form of spaced letters A and R.

   In heraldic elements, occupy a special place and plot patterns that are present in the decor. For example, nasal polifigurnoe latrine decoration in the form of an allegorical story about the fact of the transfer of royal power William III of Orange Anne Stewart. Here there are the attributes of royalty: the crown, scepter and orb, as well as the shape of a lion and a unicorn - "holders" of the British royal coat of arms. The final element, reflecting the transfer of power from William III of Orange to Anna Stewart, can serve as a female figure with a scepter and orb on the balcony railing aft quarter-horse under the figure of William III at taffrail. Attention is called to respect the previous royal family, which comes to replace Anna Stuart - the royal coat of arms and monograms, and indeed the figure of Anne, much smaller than the equestrian figure of William III and his heraldic elements. Regularities question: if the model is presented to Peter I, King of England by William III in 1698, as indicated in the records, then how to model the emblem, referring to the reign of Queen Anne Stewart, the 1707-1714?

   From the analysis of diplomatic relations between Russia and Britain in the reign of Peter I can conclude that the gift model "standard" of the Royal Navy to the Russian Tsar had to precede the unusual circumstances. Such an unusual case in diplomatic relations between Britain and Russia took place in 1708, when London was insulted Russian Ambassador Andrey Matveyev Artamonovich. It lasted more than two years, ending in reconciliation, in February 1710, when the envoy extraordinary to Russia in 1704 with Charles Whitworth, elevated to the rank of ambassador extraordinary was adopted by Peter I at a solemn audentsii, which brought the king issued a formal apology on behalf of Queen Anne . We tend to assume that this case and could provide an opportunity to present a model of English stopushechnogo ship first rank "Royal Sovereign" Peter I. The very same model arrived in Arkhangelsk from England in January 1712 Narim Maygeldinov, modeler from St. Petersburg, made Measurement drawing model of this ship, which is stored in a Central Naval Museum and built a model on them. Here you can see photos of this model http://www.shipmodels.com.ua/rus/mod...eign/index.htm In this message I will place several photos of his model.



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Старый 12.02.2010, 09:36 Язык оригинала: Русский       #15
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on Sovkome Auction-№ 111 "Russian and Western Art
is a model one, lot billed directly among among marin, marine Thongs:
Lot № 60 - Schooner Frigate "
  Author: Alexandrov
Description: Pear, ebony, maple, copper, bronze, textiles. 96h198. Estimated value: 90000-120000 rub.
Returning to the possibility of purchasing patterns through auctions. In the previous article, you can understand how much work atributatsii models is complicated and laborious. Often it takes years and requires the involvement of specialists from different countries. And this example, the lot, as a kind of parody on this job. In this respect, the situation inside Russia and Ukraine to promote greater confidence in the custom-made models, than to the acquired in the free sale "kvaziantikvarnym" model. A potential customer can discuss the entire circuit with the master of its future order: size, style, performance, materials, artistic design model, additional decorative elements (figures of the crew, electronic lights and others).



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Старый 12.02.2010, 17:26 Язык оригинала: Русский       #16
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I can not agree that marine museums are filled with benchmarks, which should be equal. The models are stored in museums are the cultural and historical value. However, not every museum can boast a collection of models created with skill and excellent quality. Ship models, which build wizard, our contemporaries, far superior in quality, elegance and superb craftsmanship existing museum copies. There are some modern models - Novodels, which are very difficult to distinguish from the museum (very old) model. The present practice Shipmodelling combination Strine recipes are closely intertwined with modern technology.



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Старый 12.02.2010, 20:51 Язык оригинала: Русский       #17
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Can not agree that marine museums are filled with benchmarks, which should be equal. The models are stored in museums are the cultural and historical value. However, not every museum can boast a collection of models created with skill and excellent quality. Ship models, which build wizard, our contemporaries, far superior in quality, elegance and superb craftsmanship existing museum copies. There are some modern models - Novodels, which are very difficult to distinguish from the museum (very old) model. In the present practice Shipmodelling combination Strine recipes are closely intertwined with modern technology.
Granted, some of the current models of the degree of detail and level of performance superior to most of the museum. However, without studying it old models can not build a qualitatively novuyu.Odnih drawings is not enough. So they are, for me personally in style.



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Старый 12.02.2010, 22:48 Язык оригинала: Русский       #18
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Старый 12.02.2010, 23:57 Язык оригинала: Русский       #19
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It seems like figure made of wax. Or is it still bone carving? All this - a miracle of beauty! Thank you!
To produce the ship's decor can be used various technologies. Traditional - woodcarving. As for ships. Here's compare what was on the ships, and carvings on the model of the Paris museum. And the model NARIM Maygeldinova decor is made of polymer resin. And Alexei Baranov inlay on the Russian battleship Panteleimon Victoria cast from silver alloys. All these technologies work for the realization of the artistic conception, which the master lays the foundation work on the model.



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Старый 13.02.2010, 00:41 Язык оригинала: Русский       #20
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