This theme is dedicated to the art of the streets. In my opinion it is fully are those qualities that I personally want to see in this art, this movement, expression, genuine heartfelt feeling. This is a vital expression of art, which is drawn a lot of talented artists of our time.
See for example this is the real Brooklyn, NY.
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As in any art, it also has its own heroes - Legends of graffiti, which became a model for many writers.
Nowadays, all who came into contact with graffiti, they know the names of such writers as LOOMIT, DAIM, CAN2, COPE2 and many others. One way or another, but they have developed based on the styles invented in the past.
Era, which became the starting point of graffiti is called OLD SCHOOL: it lasted from 1966 to 1984.
In the period from 1966 to 1971 graffiti become one of the means of political activity, have also been used to distinguish between "their" areas between the street gangs. At the time of hearing were such names as CORNBREAD and COOLEARL: with these bombers were painted all the walls of Philadelphia (Pennsylvania, USA). Then graffiti spread to New York, but there is still no clear understanding of how it happened.
The period from 1971 to 1974 marked the emergence of the first writers, one of whom in the newspaper «New-York Times» devoted an entire article. His name was TAKI 183: courier work, he often visited the metro, which has become for him a place to exercise in graffiti, as he left on the walls and trains their tags. Also among the first "painters", who was honored to be named writers were JULIO 204, FRANK 207 and JOE 136.
Over time graffiti purchased the extent of movement and spread to a remote area of New York - Brooklyn, New York, where he was a legend - FRIENDLY FREDDIE. All writers practiced in the metro, and gradually arose between the areas of some unspoken rivalry: all work to ensure that their work was the best. Mainly, these were the tags and the meaning of competition was not the raytinge as such, but in the bombing - writing his tag the maximum number of times. Gradually, the attention of writers of the time "shifted" to the depot - where the chances of being caught were times smaller than directly in the subway, and more time for execution of works, from which money can only gain. It was then that were formed by the key principles of the modern notion of "bombing".
As time passed, the number of writers grew, and it was necessary to seek new means to ensure that you noticed. It is broken out by the spirit of rivalry began to emerge new styles graffiti. Writers, in their desire to make a tag the most beautiful, decorated his various decorative elements. Used in the tags, even the crown - as announced themselves, those who wished to be called "kings". One of the most famous tag was STAY HIGH 149.
Gradually the writers began to increase the scope of their tags, but the figures made a standard nozzle of balloons with paint, not much different from those that have been taken earlier. It was then that writers began to use the spray nozzle from the other, seeking variation of the thickness of the line, and trace the outlines of letters in a different color. All this became an impetus to the emergence of masterpieces (pieces). The author of the first piece considered to be the writer's name SUPER KOOL 223 of the Bronx.
Gradually the writers began to increase the scope of its tags to experiment with design graffiti - it is limited only by the imagination of writer. Sometimes writers struck a "piece" of the entire height of the car (it is believed that here was a pioneer SUPER KOOL 223). These fonts are called Top to Bottom ( «top to bottom"). At that time, were very popular writers such as HONDO 1, JAPAN 1, MOSES 147, SNAKE 131, LEE 163d, STAR 3, PHASE 2, PRO-SOUL, TRACY 168, LIL HAWK, BARBARA 62, EVA 62, CAY 161, JUNIOR 161 and STAY HIGH 149.
Gradually developed new styles. One of these styles, being developed by writers from Philadelphia on behalf TOPCAT 126, was named Broadway, and resulted in the development of the inscriptions of the huge blocks of printed letters, called Blockbusters. PHASE 2 belongs to the invention of another "basic" style of graffiti - Bubble letters. And the Bubble, and Blockbusters played a big role in the development and emergence of new techniques, new styles. Developments began combined and served as the emergence of Mechanical style (later called Wild style). Competitive nature of becoming familiar - PHASE 2, RIFF 140 and PEL, applying new developments, encouraged writers to self-improvement in this area. It is interesting that while the details began to emerge, which can be described largely critical: for example, the idea of adding volume fonts belong writer FLINT 707 and PISTOL.
In that period, thanks to the sociologist Hugo Martinez, and he founded the organization «United Graffiti Artists», an exhibition of talented underground artists. Works of writers were represented in the tradition of picture gallery, allowing artists to fully demonstrate their art. Gallery «Razor», open Marninezom Hugo with the assistance of such famous writers like PHASE 2, MICO, COCO 144, PISTOL, FLINT 707, BAMA, SNAKE, and STICH, has gained unprecedented success.
Around the same time include the first attempts to create the first plot works. In 1974, TRACY 168, CLIFF 159, and BLADE ONE attempted combination of the font with characters from various cartoons. At the end of that year began to appear first Whole cars (the size of fonts in the whole car) - among the masters of this direction is called AJ 161 and SILVER TIPS.
The period from 1975 to 1977 was almost exclusively associated with the bombing, often called "the greatest in the history of graffiti." It was connected, first, with growing interest in this direction, and secondly, that while Metro poorly funded and cleaning cars practically engaged. During this period, a host of very different styles of graffiti and graffiti-style whole cars were for writers something like stretching exercises. In the same period appears style throw up. True masters are considered throw up TEE, IZ, DY 167, PI, IN, LE, TO, OI, FI aka VINNY, TI 149, CY, and PEO. Peak whole cars, as well as throw up, accounts for the year 1975-77. Following in the footsteps TRACY 168 CLIFF 159, and such writers as BUTCH, CASE, KINDO, BLADE, COMET, ALE 1, DOO2, JOHN 150, LEE, MONO, SLAVE, SLUG, DOC 109 CAINE ONE flooded the New York subway huge amount of whole cars.
The period from 1978 to 1981 marked a revival of "styles of graffiti. In this period it may be noted commands such as TDS, TMT, UA, MAFIA, TS5, CIA, RTW, TMB, TFP, TC5 and TF5. Raised his wave of bombing has stopped organization MTA, has declared war on illegal artists.
Improving traditions PHASE 2, RIFF 140 and PEL continued with the assistance CHAIN 3, KOOL 131, PADRE, NOC 167 and PART 1. Also active writers of the time were such characters as CASE 2, KEL 139, MARE, COMET, REPEL, COS 207, DURO, MIN, SHY 147, KADE 198, FED 2, REVOLT, RASTA, ZEPHYR, BOOTS 119, KIT 17, CRASH and DAZE.
In 1980 the authorities began to apply administrative measures to illegal artists, limiting their activity. Inscriptions in the metro erased, and violators could be arrested. At that time, many have ceased to draw in the metro, switching to rayting.
In the same period, many writers begin their work in such renowned places as «ESSES studio», «Stephan Eins' Fashion Moda» and «Patti Astor's Fun Gallery». These galleries have contributed to subsequent spread of graffiti throughout the world. In 1979 LEE QUINONES and FAB 5 FREDDIE opened a gallery in Rome, together with Claudio Bruni, famous artdilerom.
The period from 1982 to 1985 was marked by the tightening measures taken by the authorities in respect of graffiti and writers. Not the last role here was also played by the growth of crime: going to paint, writer, for his own safety, must have had a weapon.
Many artists then left to engage the idea of graffiti in the subway, but a part of all the restrictions were perceived as a "call", they continued to penetrate into the depot and paint cars. Also grew the number of collisions between the teams of writers who do not wish to share with anybody its territory. Most Distinguished writers, continued to bomb the subway, were SKEME, DEZ, TRAP, DELTA, SHARP, SEEN TC5, SHY 147, BOE, WEST, KAZE, SPADE 127, SAK, VULCAN, SHAME, BIO, MIN, DURO, KEL, T KID , MACK, NICER, BRIM, BG 183, KENN, CEM, FLIGHT, AIRBORN, RIZE, JON 156, KYLE 156.
So ended a period which has received the name in graffiti OLD SCHOOL.
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