This portrait is caught in the Metropolitan Museum in 1913, is of particular value that is considered the earliest surviving official portraits of the king. It also features a zoom - the picture has a size of 200 by 102.9 centimeters, Philip IV in it is depicted in full length in a black jacket and a raincoat.
Painting in the Metropolitan Museum of Art came after the death of a New York collector and patron of Benjamin Altman, who bequeathed the museum his collection of paintings. Altman, in turn, acquired the portrait from one of the most famous art dealers of the time - a Briton named Joseph Dyuvin. Last distinguished business approach to art and often demanded that the restorers have masked any damage to the canvas and artificially muffled color to the picture seemed to be less frivolous, and therefore more expensive.
Thus, already in 1913 a portrait of Philip IV was far from his original form, and eventually his condition only worsened, but experts doubt its authenticity intensified. When in 1973 the Metropolitan decided to conduct an audit of three hundred paintings from his collection, in the process reatributsii copies or fakes, it was recognized some 45 paintings, including works by El Greco, Rembrandt and Vermeer. This list includes a portrait of Philip IV: it was decided that it was painted by a pupil or imitator of Velasquez.
The status quo was maintained until 2009, when the head of the department of European paintings at the Metropolitan Museum was appointed Keith Christiansen. On his initiative, the chief restorer of the museum's Michael Gallagher took up another painting by Velazquez - "Portrait of a Man." This painting also once considered the true Velazquez, but in 1979 was recognized as the work of his pupil. Thanks to the efforts of Gallagher, who cleared the picture of the many layers of dark varnish and traces are not too attentive restorers, the authenticity of the paintings has been confirmed.
A fragment of a portrait of King Philip IV of Spain, by Diego Velasquez in the Prado Museum in Madrid, then Christiansen, who was seriously occupied with the question of authenticity is in museum collections of works by Velazquez, turned his attention to the portrait of Philip IV. Preparations for the restoration of paintings began in the same year 2009. X-ray photography showed that a significant portion of the image is lost. In addition, the left eye was nearly wiped off the king, and Christiansen admitted that he began to doubt the authenticity of the portrait: so little has been left original. "If Michael [Gallagher] did not come from the restoration, I would have returned the painting to a warehouse," - he said.
However, the first results of remediation activities Gallagher, showed that the portrait was painted by Velazquez really. When the restoration of the paintings were completed, even those experts who had formerly thought pattern imitation, agreed that this script. The origin of the painting clearly pointed out the characteristic creativity Velazquez painting technique, traces of which were hidden under layers of varnish and the results of pererisovschikov Dyuvina.
Moreover, Christiansen, and Gallagher found that the portrait - a copy of an earlier image of Philip IV, over which he wrote the other picture of him
, stored in the Prado Museum in Madrid. Another similar portrait of the King of Spain (but not at full height, and waist) and stored in a museum Meadows in Dallas. Comparing with the help of tracing these three portraits, the experts concluded that they were all written by the artist with the same template. Thus, thanks to the paintings in the museums of Dallas and Madrid, restorers managed to restore the portrait of Philip IV with maximum accuracy.
Finding a genuine Velasquez - is always an event, as each of his work on the account: a lifelong artist painted only about 110 paintings. Interestingly, the summer of 2010 in the museum at Yale University found another Velasquez - picture of the "Education virgins". It is poorly preserved and most authoritative international experts on the works of the Spaniard has not confirmed its authenticity. Now the picture is on the restoration.
Generally 2010 was unusually rich in unexpectedly discovered paintings by old masters. Italian restorers restoring the crucifixion of the XIV century, at the end of the work understand
, that before them the product of Giotto. For a long time in the lobby provisevshaya Rotterdam museum painting of the XVII century was
the work of Rembrandt. Prado Museum have proposed to restore
painting, which, as revealed in the process, was written by Bruegel the Elder. Finally, an Italian art critic and did announced that found a picture of Michelangelo
Of course, such finds are sometimes caused by accident, but it is undeniable that they are increasingly being made through advances of technology renovation. In other words, chances are that every year their number will increase: no one knows how many other forgotten paintings of great artists is stored in the attics of village houses, or hanging on the wall of someone's bedroom.