At the end of November (November 25 - November 27, 2009) Tretyakov Gallery has traditionally held a scientific conference XV "Examination and attribution of works of fine and decorative art". Great interest was the report of Helena Sadykova - Ph.D., employee Rossiyskogo Research Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage them. DS Likhachev. The following is a shortened form of its report.
- Today in Russia the profession expert on cultural values is quite popular. Nowadays, after the dynamic development of the art market, the intensification of export and import of works of art, the involvement in this sector insurance companies and banks are widely adopted the concept of private examination. An event of Russia's expert science became "Repinsky reading" that occurred in December at the Museum-estate IE Repin "Penates"
. The renewed after five years on the initiative of the head of the museum-estate TP Borodino Repinsky reading "raised a number of topical issues and the art market, and the community of scientists. At auctions worldwide unrivaled recognized findings from staff Penates, especially Elena Vladimirovna Kirillin. To it are often called auction houses in Finland, Sweden, England for an expert assessment of a product Repin. An important feature is the examination of works of Repin, dating, first of all, his early works. In its report, "Chuguyivske vacation Repin" E. Kirillina pointed out that sometimes an artist from memory was dating his paintings in a few years or even decades after their creation, which could lead to errors. Thus, the author's dating, which is usually good cause, the dating of art, with expert analysis of works of Repin should be scrutiny. So, on the basis of historical and archival and stylistic analysis of EV Kirillin identified cases of erroneous dating Repin's own early works, including those from the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery.
At present Russia as an expert on cultural property is in a formative stage, but the state has not developed specific policies for its management. The ban on museum expertise, lack of legislative framework, including the law on antiques, put some obstacles on the path of civilized development of the art market and expertise as an integral part. Along with Rosokhrankultura
, about 200 certified specialists for issuing expert opinions on the export of cultural values, a significant contribution to the regulation of trafficking of antiques make new structures. This - International Confederation of antique and art dealers (ICAAD)
and The National Organization of experts in the field of art (NOEKSI)
, Qualified for the issue of expert opinions. Unlike NOEKSI Confederation certified and issued certificates of registered antiquarians practitioners working in the market and are professionals in the field of art, with which they are associated for many years. Their practical experience is recognized in the market place, and a professional image is the guarantor of their expert opinions. Yet on the whole range of experts of the Arts is closed. Both public and private entities to refer to the same professionals, well-established experience of the museum and research work. This professional experience, reputation in certain circles is the basis of trust and recourse to one or another state ekspertu.Sozdanie expertise centers on the basis of specialized museums and research institutions like the "hearth" Repin, would largely solve the urgent the problem of examination of works of art in Russia and promote its active involvement in the global community of experts.