Creating models of ships - the art, craft, interest for collectors ...
Good day to all those who may be interested to the topic. The topic I want to post information directly related to the art of creating high-quality ship models, and historical materials on individual ships, events. The presentations will focus on the present state of this art form, the prospects for its motion, the masters of their work and enables the purchase or order of the object as a model of the ship. I hope that your response will help me cover the topic in that direction, which will reveal the many facets of this art form.
Such an engineering structure like a ship, too, is refracted in art - ship modeling. Usually referred him to the sport or hobby. But it all depends on who does what. Mikelyandzhelo and craftsman from a flea market, both are doing in one form of art. But the result is different. And there are among modelers their great master.
This engineering structure like a ship, too, is refracted in art - ship modeling. Usually referred him to the sport or hobby.
AT Sovkome Auction-№ 111 "Russian and Western Art"
is a model one, lot billed directly among among marin, marine Thongs: Lot № 60 - Schooner Frigate "
Description: Pear, ebony, maple, copper, bronze, textiles. 96h198. Estimated value: 90000-120000 rub.
The image is small, it is difficult to make out details, but in this kind of art are important parts and details. I have attached a couple photos with the quality of claiming from our point of view on art. On assessment, the expert of these things - the question is open, because the experts are not auctions modelistavmi. There are actually described cases of communications modelers and experts when floated very comical representation of experts on the model objects. British experts.
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And there are pictures with models of ships. Several years ago one of our local artist made calamity relief patterns and models of unfinished works, such as damaged and lying on the bottom of the sea, covered with paint from Pulver greenish, bluish color under the slime. It looked quite original, decorative, although such work can be found from other artists if you examine the souvenir shops along the coasts?
Yes, the theme of the sea she is, embracing. On the ship, as artefacts, as many layers of print, that if consistently and dig deep, not one craft enough material to work. I in 2005, participated in the exhibition "Ships and the Sea. And then prepared materials for the sponsor of the exhibition with a reflection on the possible options for cooperation for the future. Posted concept of organizing museum and exhibition complex. There was supposed to exploit this inexhaustible subject. A lot of what can be done, and much is being done on this subject in the world. But for me now, now this moment with models and modeling art interests and concerns. Little by little I will lay out the materials.
I looked through the historical material on the history of different art forms. One feature unites these materials. All kinds of art, regardless of their current status and relevance, "has its roots deep in ancient times." I do suspect this is done for refunding value trades. And continuing this tradition, of course I'll write about that Shipmodelling at least 4000 years. As a historical reference material, I took an article by Mikhail Yurevich Bezverhny - remarkable modeller, who lives in St. Petersburg. Photos of his work, I'll bring in the future as illustrative material. See for him, and his works can be here http://www.shipmodels.com.ua/rus/mod...voli/index.htm
What Shipmodelling and what can be considered as a model? Currently, the concept of "Shipmodelling" includes too much, not very specific and understood by all of his. This concept gets all that resembles a small boat. Anyone who tries to find a clear statement is likely to hit a determination include such words and phrases such as: technical aspect of creativity, sports, arts. Personally, I could not find a definition that is more or less accurately described to the very notion Shipmodelling. Now adopted language fit only to the modern class of models in the classification NAVIGA. In this, the generally accepted classification, scale models feel very uncomfortable. This is not surprising if one considers that the basis of this classification is the "sport" principle. Why it happened and what to do now, a special subject. Now, in my view, stand in need of an acceptable model, specific definition, which should be based on the inherent characteristics of this type Shipmodelling. In the future, possibly through the creation of such a definition, own classification within the class. What are these features and what are they connected?
Very briefly and schematically, it looks like this:
Initially, the idea of creating a model ship lying sacral meaning. The model had a religious purpose and serve religious purposes. And do not think that this applies only to models of antiquity (the boat of Ra, the boat pharaohs after death)
European tradition has developed exactly the same. Thus was born the class Votive Model.
Votive offering, votive gifts (Latin votivus - dedicated to the gods, from votum - vow, a desire) - different things, brought a gift to the deity for a vow for healing or performance of any desire. The custom of offering votive items - a gentle way of sacrifice.
The tradition is known since the time of the cave-man to the present day.
The model of the ship as a symbol and embodiment of a real ship to bring in the gift and placed in the church for divine protection and patronage. The meaning of this modeling - the embodiment of a real ship in the shape of the model for the higher powers. Punctual adherence to technical features and details did not matter.
Most of the oldest survivors of the European models belong to this class. It's no secret that the success of the Church of the gift depended on its value. Not every subject was worthy of space in the church and the model begins to acquire the features of objects of decorative and applied art. As such, it attracts the interest of the most influential part of society and penetrates into the palaces and merchants' houses as a valuable piece of furniture or collections. Gradually, freed from the sacral sense, the model becomes a luxury.
Often, you can find the view that in a certain period models have practical value and fulfill the role of conceptual designs. As an example - the British admiralty model. This view is valid only with certain reservations. Indeed, shipbuilding practices ages 16-17 did not know the design documentation and drawings. (And other types of technical. Activities) can hardly be called a drawing, in the modern sense of the term, the documents of that era. Drawing, sketch - that the most suitable name for the graphics of the time. Try to build a model using only the "album Colbert." A model for the time, was the most successful way to show the features of future spacecraft. . But we must remember that the objectives of this model were strictly limited. Show lines and basic body dimensions, general plan of decks and artillery, decor. That's the main problem. The high degree of detail and a strict scale of parts of speech was not. It was an opportunity to demonstrate some constructive solutions, and building design features.
I'll get to that place article a few photos of models that Michael is marked as "British Admiralty".
the article Michael Bezverhny. But even these models were not only utilitarian in nature. After the demonstration, and approval of the project, they were intended as a gift, as a matter of great value and prestige. Otherwise, why use valuable materials, waste time on finishing and decoration of the model. " Same decor, can be much faster and more detail to demonstrate on paper. The model is often built not before, but during the actual construction of the ship. Conclusion: The model still remains a luxury and art.
Since the early 18 th century practice of such "utilitarian" model converges rapidly and is released in the form of technical models of individual sections, units or structures. There is a sharp division of the model of practice on bench models and layouts. Technical and educational purposes continue to serve as models and are very successful so far. Old, large model, 1: 10, 1:12 Pattern is the same number of specific educational objectives. Technical models successfully build now, and they perform their tasks in the design and calculation of real ships. Only Shipmodelling is not considered.
Bench Models exempt from utilitarian purposes, and increasingly are aesthetic problems. There is a growing degree of detail, well crafted, the magnitude, time and labor. The models are real works of decorative and applied art. This is not the practice of individuals, but the work of professionals and the entire team .. In developing the model involved professionals jewelry, bone-carvers, etc. End 18 and the first half of 19 century - the peak of ship modeling art is something that is admired and serves as an example. And there is no any special national schools, and styles. The total vector - the technical layout of the model as a work of art of high excellence. Take a look at the best Russian, British, French model. The trend is the same .. It is worth noting that this shift did not occur at the expense of technical reliability and scale models. On the contrary. It is a model of this period, the most authentic and ambitious. When you create a model of how technically reliable image of the spacecraft prototype, there was a remarkable synthesis of historical authenticity, decorative arts and craftsmanship.
Poster Shipmodelling - an independent view of decorative and applied art, which aims to create a scale model of the prototype vehicle, using a creative combination of historical and technical validity of the model, its artistic expression and skill of execution. photo, which shows the end of the article, this photo models from Paris Naval Museum. A little later I will continue the deployment of material.
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considerations of small, difficult to make out details, but in this kind of art are important parts and details. I have attached a couple photos with the quality of claiming from our point of view on art.
Thank you, this is really worthy of such a determination. Evokes everything associated with ships, sea, literary works related with this topic ... And it details the whole point, you're right.
__________________ "Будьте внимательны, сильные личности. Мне кажется, что в настоящее время нет ничего дороже и реже встречающегося, чем честность" (Ф.Ницше "Так говорил Заратустра".)
Listen, what a crazy beauty!
Drop everything and run to the Naval Museum
Ukhta, Paris. Is it possible for you sometimes, please contact regarding this museum itself? Unless of course you really drop everything and run so far before him. "Well this is a joke, of course. But some serious moments in this posting to museums to understand the topic is. This is the time associated with the "sites" where you can see the important things of this art. Of course, apart from the competition the largest museums in the country with a long maritime history and traditions: France, Britain, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Sweden, Holland, Russia. It is in the museums of these countries can look at models that 250-300 years. And that relate to the period that Michael Bezverhny characterizes the ship modeling as a flowering of art. In which the harmony of the highest artistic level of performance and technical reliability of the spacecraft. The museums are accessible to the public. There are some models that were in private collections. For example such as the "Collection of the British Admiralty family models Krigshtayn" In this article we look at the largest private collection of the British Admiralty models. The collection was compiled jointly by Roman Krigshtayna and his twin sons Arnold and Henry.
According to them, the original intention was to gather a collection of ship models from the bones, dating back to the Napoleonic wars. And the first such model was acquired in 1974. In the same year at Sotheby's, held in the estate of Glen Cove, (NY), sold a collection of models Admiralty collected D. Morgan. At this auction family Krigshtayn acquired model Coronation and after that time more than a single model of the bones in the collection did not appear. Over the years they have managed to acquire more than a dozen other Admiralty models, including three others from the already mentioned the collection of D. Morgan (models 3, 9 and 13). When collecting collection Krigshatynami it was decided to concentrate on the first century (1650-1750 Gg.) When the construction of models in England began to develop rapidly. The collection has expanded not only through the Admiralty models, but also augmented paintings, ship's drawings, books, manuscripts, etc. In the framework of this article, we confine ourselves to the core collection, namely the Admiralty models. At least one of which refers to the time of the Restoration of Charles II. Causes of the so-called Admiralty models are still uncertain. The most common view is based on the fact that the model is part of the shipbuilding process in the royal dockyards 17th-18th centuries. CoP-melting, that the models were built as prototypes and provided Lord of the Admiralty for approval of the project of construction of the ship. However, this interpretation is not entirely justified, since it does not take into account the points that the models were based on traditional methods, most of which did not coincide with the true technology of shipbuilding, also ignored the fact that the construction of the model required a significant amount of time, and records the time regarding the schedule of construction of ships, could not allow such liberties, as there is no evidence that the models were stored at the shipyards as references to assist in building a real ship, well, and, finally, there is no record of the model shop and model craftsmen in the shipyards. What we do know, so is that these models were built by ship masters and to the members of the Admiralty Board. By the appearance of several remaining showcases for such models can be said that the decorative value and accuracy of a scale model of a warship were of great importance for the people of that time. In cases where we have been able to trace the fate of the model up to its first owner at the time of construction of the model, it turns out to be a full member of the Admiralty Board. It is possible that the models were made and passed to senior functionaries of the fleet in anticipation of favors or gratitude.
Whatever the root cause of building models, which have survived, not only do they "delight the eye, but through careful study, can find a large number of previously unknown aspects of shipbuilding at that time.
Photo models from this collection.