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Cyril Syzransky, so from one site explanation:
Also, Customs Service deals with the fact that checks the postage required for the payment of customs duties. The duty is always paid by the recipient, in a country where the product comes, ie if you have received goods from the United States in Russia, then the fee must be paid in Russia (with the exception of certain types of delivery, which the sellers on eBay are usually not used). In each country, set a threshold amount (usually 200-300 euros) and if the cost of goods lower than this amount, then it is not subject to duty and after passing customs control are delivered by regular mail - you in the mailbox comes with a mail notification that must appear and pick it up. If the parcel is subject to payment of the fee - in this as there are no complications. In this case, you come to your mailbox notification that will be on your local customs warehouse, the duties and pick it up.
The cost of parcel determines its sender, to fill the "estimated value", or representative of the Customs Service, if it is not specified, or it disagrees with.
So, remember the basic concepts:
Duty - a tax charged by customs authorities.
Estimated cost - the cost of the goods certain senders send any employee of the customs service.
Also to answer the most popular among beginners question: "And what if I ask the sender to indicate too low a valuation assumptions?". In this case, if the customs officers who will carry out an inspection does not agree with the appraised value (if it is obviously too low, then most likely it will be so), then he will evaluate. Also score a parcel will be made by Customs if the column "estimated cost" nothing stated or written "gift" (Gift). This usually entails an increase in payments and delays in processing. Again: if the parcel is subject to payment of the fee, it will not come to the post, but on your local (city or district), bonded warehouse, where your address is sent a letter with notification of the details please pay a fee. You are there, pay the required amount, and then pick up your parcel.
Sending you may be sent in two ways:
With the organization that owns the right to work with international postage (in fact, normal state by mail) - is a U.S. USPS, Doychepost German, British Royal mail and courier EMS, which operates the SBI many countries.
In this case, under the Customs Code of Russia is allowed duty free import of goods in the form of assumptions, if the estimated value does not exceed 10 thousand rubles. If the estimated value exceeds this amount, the difference shall be charged with the duty of 30%. Let's look at an example. For example, the estimated value of the goods 15 000 rubles, while the amount would fall under the fee will be: 15 000 - 10 000=5000 pp., 30%from 5000 - is 1500 rubles. Ie fee, which will need to pay - 1500 rubles.
With a courier delivery service (DHL, FedEx, TNT, etc.)
Here is a little different scheme and customs clearance has a slightly different order. In this case, be subject to PAYE, the so-called "aggregate customs duties, is: + excise duty + VAT. Also, when this form of delivery shall be charged a so-called "fee for customs clearance, its value is 250 rubles.
Now on Fees: If the estimated value of a parcel less than 5000 rubles. Customs duty is not charged at all. Excise duty must be determined by the tables.
Let's look at an example: You have been sent brandy. Estimated cost of a parcel - $ 400, shipping costs $ 100. Customs value will be equal to $ 400 + $ 100=$ 500. Determine the HS code - 9506701000. Import duty on these goods = 15%, excise tax = 0, VAT = 18%.
Charges for customs clearance of 250 rubles. ~ 9 $
The duty is $ 400 * 0,15 = 75 $
VAT ($ 500 + 75 $ = 575 $) * 0.18 = $ 103.5
Total: 9 $ + 75 $ + 103.5 = $ 187.5
"Говорить на тему об искусстве так же бесполезно, как говорить на тему о любви." Н. Фешин.