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Запись от Про искусство размещена 20.08.2019 в 13:04

Sylvester Shchedrin Feodosievich (1791-1830) – an outstanding Russian painter, landscape painter, representative of the romantic movement in art.

Biography of Sylvester Shchedrin

Sylvester Shchedrin was twenty-seven years old when he arrived in Italy, hoping to work here for a while. The son of a famous sculptor, the nephew of painter Seeds Shchedrin, he could count on the safe coexistence in the St. Petersburg art environment. But Italy saw him straponsissies art where you learn a lot and-настоящему to check out the talent, his power. And it so happened that Shchedrin stayed in Italy until the end of his short life. He loved this country, it ceased to be for him a foreign land, but here, in the far warmer climes, as evidenced in his letters home, he remained a Russian man, an artist, to think about the future of Russian art.

Going to Italy, Sylvester Shchedrin imagined her through the prism of classical painting. From a young age he tried to learn the secrets of the great masters. But it was quite sketchy and abstract. An early landscape, not devoid of poetic charm" Kind of Peter island" (1815), written in the typical old painting conventional brown colors, the space itself and the picture is still not" живет" rich emotional life.

a self-Portrait of Sylvester Shchedrin

Автопортрет Сильвестра Щедрина

Sylvester Shchedrin, went to Rome, still retains a magical allure for artists of many countries." Вечный city" at first it seemed he revived, real, classic pattern. But the Convention, which in the works of the late academics seemed to him earlier than necessary and noble, now began to lose the aura of attraction in his eyes, although not immediately. Sylvester Shchedrin a lot writes and draws and Rome, and its environs, preparing the reporting picture that was eventually sent to the St. Petersburg Academy of arts. Shchedrin writes with observance of many rules of the academic school, not consciously, but certainly by following a clear separation of paintings on the plans, limiting" зоны" image, observing solenosti of construction and rules of coverage, proven experience of predecessors. And, of course," благородный", Museum dark-коричневый tone too disappears not at once. His works appear in the solemnity of nature given by classical harmony, ruins, evoking the melancholy and sadness. While living in Rome, studying the old art gradually Shchedrin delved into the specifics of the Italian nature, the character of people and country. Russian master has set a very difficult professional and psychological task — to transfer the plastic, picturesque distinctiveness and character of the Italian nature from the inside, to feel part of this nature, guided by its inherent laws. Shchedrin moved to Naples and Neapolitan five-year period — the happiest time in his work. The artist met with the sea, free free seaside nature seemed to have reached a new stage. It is in Naples and the surrounding area he has written the best of his landscapes, such as the types of marinas in Sorrento, various porches and terraces.

If Karl Briullov, who loved and knew Italy would skomponowa kinds of Italy in its plot and portrait of the composition as the background, then Sylvester Shchedrin writes first of all, the very nature of the specialness and uniqueness of the state of the landscape. The figure in this landscape" растворяется", only emphasizing the beauty of nature and its magnificence. For him, everything in it significantly and perfectly. We feel the gentle serenity of a moonlit night, flying the light of midday heat, how deeply the sun warmed air layer as a salutary coolness of fancy entwined shoots of the grape terraces. Fishermen. winegrowers, the monks, who had taken refuge in the shade of these beautiful porches and terraces connect to our perception of the General state of nature. The artist, left alone with nature, comes to the need to search for a new pictorial language. He persistently seeks to convey the sparkling of the sun, glare, beautiful the silvery haze of the sea vistas, clear diffused light. Shchedrin is looking for new, not known to his colorful combinations, trying to write easy to paint blazed passed them all included in the generous sunlight. Sea lagoon becomes a scenic space filled with light, pleasing to the eye of the viewer with its liveliness and beauty. The artist seeks and finds a delicate, subtle shades of light-лиловой plain sea water, Golden sunset paint the sky, silver seaside windy air the Sky in his landscapes are usually transparent and easy. Spacious free feeling Neapolitan Shchedrin"s landscapes offer the viewer to the lovely romance and reverie. There is a high completeness of feelings, a genuine delight. Harmony of the works of Shchedrin"s early period, made in Russia and for the first time stay in Rome, and the harmony of his Mature works — completely different properties. Young Shchedrin diligently sought the integrity of the overall impression, based on common, well-learned the rules of the academic landscape. Shchedrin-мастер boldly abandons the traditional canons and compares the harmony of the painting with the harmony of nature.

Innovative indeed creativity Shchedrin ahead of its time. Only the best landscape studies other Italian pensioner of Petersburg Academy of arts — Alexander Ivanov can be put on a par with his Neapolitan landscapes. In his quest to pass the sun, the light, their impact on the life of nature Shchedrin can be considered among the few artists foretelling the revolution in landscape painting, and painting in General, which fell later to accomplish the Impressionists. We are talking about the feeling of the new. Under the old system of classical painting, the talented and sagacious Russian master was able to sincerely and strongly convey a personal, individual poetic perception of nature. It is no coincidence that, although Russian landscape painting reached a high peak in the more recent times and the landscape has become one of the leading and favorite genres of the domestic school of painting, the name of Sylvester Shchedrin has consistently called among the most significant representatives of Russian art.

New Rome. Castel Sant"angelo. 1823.

Сильвестр Щедрин

the Waterfront Site Lucia in Naples. 1820-е.

Набережная Сайта Лючия в Неаполе. 1820-е.

Quay Mergellina in Naples. 1827.

картина Сильвестра Щедрина

the Waterfront in Naples. 1825

картинаыСильвестра Щедрина

a Small harbour in Sorrento, near Naples. 1828

неаполитанские картины

the Italian landscape. Capri. 1826

Итальянский пейзаж

the Grotto of Matermania on the island of Capri. 1827

живопись Сильвестра Щедрина

Grotto in Florence. 1826


Waterfall in Tivoli near Rome. 1823

художник Сильвестр Щедрин

View of Sorrento near Naples. 1825

Вид Сорренто

the View from Petrovsky island on Tuchkov bridge and Vasilievsky Island in St. Petersburg. 1815

the View of Naples from the road to Posillipo. 1829

Вид на Неаполь

the view from the grotto on mount Vesuvius and the Castello del Ovo in the moonlit night.

View of Amalfi near Naples. 1826

близ Неаполя

In the area of Castellamare near Sorrento. 1828

a Large harbour on the island of Capri. 1828

terrace by the sea. The village of Cappuccini near Sorrento. 1827.

terrace in Pozzuoli. 1828

Old Rome. 1824

Coastal scene

Lake Albano, near Rome. Not later than 1825.

окрестности Рима

SOURCE: http://www.artcontext.info/pictures-of-great-artis...14-08-01-06/424-shchedrin.html

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