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the Founder of Russian genre painting, Alexei Gavrilovich Venetsianov was born in 1780 in the poor house of a Moscow merchant. Great-grandfather of the artist with his family in the early eighteenth century arrived in Russia from Europe, gaining the nickname" Венециано", which eventually became a surname. Alex was interested in painting.

the Family did not let his passion, and when the young artist painted his first painting @- good portrait of a mother decided to send him to study.

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"Автопортрет", 1811
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"Портрет A. L. Venetsianova, mother of the artist", 1801, 66×74 cm
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"Портрет A. Venetsianova, daughter of the artist", 33×41 cm

Saint-Петербург met a young man unkind, to find customers, he failed and got a job as an assistant surveyor. However, painting the future, the Maestro is not left, giving the beloved all my free time. After a few years, replacing the work of Alexei Venetsianov met the famous artist Borovikovsky.

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@the Reapers quot", 1820-е, 66.7 x 55 cm
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""Вот those Batkin lunch", 1824, 20×25 cm

Painter took a young colleague in the house and took care of his education. These lessons and many hours copying paintings in the Hermitage have borne fruit – Alexey Venetsianov was able to get the title of the artist. Without special education.

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"Спящий shepherd", 1823—24
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"На harvest. Summer", 48×60 cm

During this time, Venetsianov wrote many portraits of his contemporaries. Customers liked his work, the portraits showed a definite resemblance, but to understand the man, to look him in the soul of the artist could not. His calling, he found later, after he married a poor noblewoman Martha Azaryeva, along with his wife moved to the village, in its own small estate Safonkovo. There was written his best work.

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"Гумно", 1821
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Paintings of the time can be called innovative for Russian painting. Metropolitan artists and academics wrote of paintings on mythological, heroic, biblical scenes, not interested in surrounding reality.

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"Петр Great. The base St-Петербурга", 1838, 351×260 cm

this was the basis of the education of youth – the future masters of the brush were not allowed to even look at peasants, so as not to spoil the soul sordid and dirty. Venetsianov wrote that of the peasants – a series of portraits of peasant women, genre scenes of rural life, close to reality.

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plowing. Spring, 1820-е

I Must say that the artist possessed a bright character and delicate in his works, not the severity, which accompanied the peasant life. The people in the paintings of healthy, hard-working, they do their job quietly and with dignity. In addition to genre painting Venetsianov much time he spends on the landscape, of which he is considered.

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"Гадание", 1842
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"Захарка", 1825

At the same time, the artist gathers talented peasant children and taught them painting, often buys serfs from their owners. It takes a lot of money and effort, but Venetsianov does not throw this thing to the death. A few relatively prosperous years of the artist"s family gave the patronage of Emperor Nicholas I, but court life vexed the master, and at the first opportunity he returned home, continuing the training of future artists.

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"Портрет N. M. Karamzin", 1828

Wife of Alexey Gavrilovich died. He remained a widower with two daughters. Despite merchant roots, to save money Venetsianov did not know how. Thus, the funds received from the sale Emperor picture" Гумно" he spent on debt repayment and the balance given to the local hospital. Life was so heavy that the eldest daughter of the wizard had to learn the profession of home teacher.

Venetsianov Died in poverty, leaving daughters ruined property, and the descendants is a marvelous fabric and a new direction in painting, which later founded a Russian school of art.


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