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Logistics history of fine art

Запись от адамович размещена 29.01.2010 в 01:48
Обновил(-а) адамович 29.01.2010 в 01:55

Viktor Adamowicz

Socio-psychological construction of the Cultural epochs


... Baroque ruled svyshe150 years and has given the world many great names from Korovadzho to Crespi and Rembrandt, the last special attention to design and detail of a black background, finding in its subtle beauty.

In a society of mature change ... Yes, people dust and nothingness, but there are also heroes, the great minds and visionaries! Genin, which God himself said his finger, closer to her, lifted above the dull crowd. They are subject to the views of small fellows, not accountable to society, because the crowd is nothing but contempt for another is not worthy. They break the cycle of squalid judgments, shook off the dust from the soles and go their own separate way clean and beautiful, and only God be their judge.
Heroism, like beauty demands victims, and not only because of the blindness and deafness of society, but also because of the premature divine gift. This relentlessly and to past and future time and, often, the future glory of the bitter past. On the sacrificial altar and got the great Russian scientist NI Lobachevsky (1792-1856), whose opening its right to bring a much later, and no wonder - he decided to deny "the fifth postulate of Euclidean geometry.

In the picture began to dominate the voltage superhuman passions, rearing horses, held a firm hand, dashing rider, against the background of stormy skies. Immense suffering and frenzied cries of last hope, dying, after a shipwreck in the painting by Theodore Gericault's "Raft of the Medusa". The passionate enthusiasm of the Parisian looking for freedom, the painting of Eugène Delacroix's Liberty on the barricades "became a symbol throughout France. The heroic actions in extreme situations (extreme human) - that the principles of the Romantic era (100 years), the era of the great French Revolution.

... But, then again but if you take a closer look to all these invisible people: peasants and townspeople, gently wallowing in their modest homes, loving his family, honest with their neighbors, you'll find in each of these beautiful, gentle human happiness, which, perhaps not even available to many rich and great. Universal human values are surreptitiously pinch soul society, to look into the deepest corners of her. ... "A specter is haunting Europe - the specter of communism", or rather not say.
Poetry of the modest details, ordinary and everyday life, a quiet corner of nature, fascinated artists. So argue the age of realism (40 years). The era of the little man, who himself without knowing it, became the ideal. (In Russia, most strongly the ideas expressed "Peredvizhniki"). The heightened attention to detail, for a brief moment of life has created another surprising phenomenon in the world of painting - Impressionism (from French. Impression - an impression).
Claude Monet to capture the impression of painted landscapes in the open air, and came to the place necessarily at the same time every day, until the finished picture.
The French official art and academic form of cracking at the seams. Unlimited power and arbitrariness of the Academy had become so disturbing society that it took the intervention of the emperor Napoleon III. "The Emperor has received numerous complaints about the works of art, rejected the jury of the Salon. His Majesty, wishing to allow the public to come to their own opinion on the legality of these complaints, decided that the rejected works will be exhibited for show in another part of the Palace of Industry. Unofficially dubbed the new exhibition "Salon Les Miserables" (born Salon des Refuses).
Salon outcasts "in 1863 became a sensation. Among the excluded exhibited and Paul Cezanne - in the future unquestioned authority post-impressionism.

Cezanne, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Toulouse-Lautrec - the outstanding artists Post-Impressionism. "Post-Impressionists - those who came after, scattered solitary wandering star at present unknown, and in the misty future.
By this time, has increased enormously important daguerreotype, that is, pictures (still open in 1839), which resulted in confusion of artists. Steel voices that picture completely replace the painting, and artists would no longer be needed, though that was over their time. Painters, as we see, have not disappeared, but a landmark photo set point. Together with the invention of the camera over a period of world culture, was executed program, set in the time of the Renaissance: Now humanity could very well display the visible reality.
A close examination of the various sectors of society forced to think about why so much misery and injustice in this world, because everyone deserves happiness. Why is there crime, corruption, baseness?. Where anomie. What prevents develop into a good man and good? For good and is good in every man. Who is to blame? The verdict was handed down hard - blame society! As a result revived guillotine revolution. But the specter of communism "began to materialize in the executioner.

Not only the picture and ideas about public imperfections disarray society at the end of XIX century. In 1898, the scientific world on its conference claimed that a little more, one more effort of thought, and they finally understand how the world works, left to inflict a few more strokes to complete the full picture of the world. But it was not there, in 1900, physicist Planck discovered an amazing phenomenon, it is proved that the wave is both a particle "quantum of action." Until now, it's hard to imagine that we talk about that time. All were in disarray, a familiar sight in the eyes of the world was falling apart and eventually split to smithereens. Seemed steadfast laws of nature crumbled. In the minds arose confusion and consternation.

It was then, yet intuitive, there was a question: "there, around the corner, around the corner, just beyond the edge?". What invisible force creates and reigns in the world? Science and art to think seriously about the essence of the universe and this vague idea began to be formalized, and often acquire casuistic, shapes.

This Act XIX and early XX century, and along with it and a new culture ...
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