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Exhibition of achievements of national economy - 1

Запись от Про искусство размещена 01.06.2020 в 08:52

In 2019 one of the symbols of Moscow ENEA 80 years.

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ENEA was one of the main venues that hosted all sorts of events. There are various festivals, concerts, entertainment and education.

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was there in the summer. Then I managed to write three posts about the festival" Спасская tower", which took place at the Exhibition. Now would like to continue.

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Annually it is visited by 30 million people.

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the Story of the Main exhibition of the country began in February 1935-го when the II all-Union Congress of collective farmers-ударников it was decided to open in 1937 (20-летию the October revolution) agricultural exhibition.

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of the many projects submitted for the competition were selected the project of architect V. Oltarzhevsky.

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the composition of the master plan included three main level: entrance area in front of the Main pavilion, the area of the USSR (the area of the Farms) and production center of agriculture of the pavilion of Mechanization (modern" Космос").

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In 1935, virtually by hand, a primitive method, thousands of former peasants began to implement their idea. To date has been to complete the construction did not, and the triumph moved.

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In 1938-м the construction site was visited by the governmental Commission and issued a negative verdict: the exhibition seemed too modest, do not meet the ideological essence of the moment.

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the Oltarzhevsky was arrested for political denunciation, built according to his design was broken and rebuilt, but the overall layout is preserved. Chief architect appointed Sergei Chernyshev.

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the Exhibition is called all-Union Agricultural (agricultural exhibition), and to participate in it was considered the highest honor.

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Agriculture, awarded the diploma of I degree received 10, 000 and a car, and was awarded the diploma of II – 5, 000 and a motorcycle.

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For leaders of agriculture was established on 1 000 2 000 large and small gold medals, 3 000 15 000 large and small silver.

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the Opening took place on 1 August 1939. For the rest of the summer the exhibition was visited by 3.5 million people. A Grand exhibition complex is spread over an area of 136 hectares, built more than 250 large and small buildings, parks, flower gardens, squares and fountains, paved streets, planted orchards.

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At the time of the interrupt the narrative. Before us the monorail.

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Let"s stand for him to look down.

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the distance the hotel Space.

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Right monument" Покорителям космоса".

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the line on the overpass, which at the time was presented as the most modern, cheap and noiseless form of transport were started in 2004. Her length is 4.7 km.

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With the opening of three new metro stations passenger traffic of the monorail fell by 15%. Monorail became unprofitable.

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his Fate is not yet decided. Worked out various projects of reconstruction monorail.

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However, this is a huge scientific achievement – the northernmost monorail in the world, fit for harsh winters.

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Down from the monorail. In front of the main entrance at ENEA.

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in the distance you see two 58-этажные tower" Триколор" a height of 192 meters.

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the Main entrance is a triumphal arch which was built in 1951 – 1954. author of the project – I. Malchikov.

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the Arch consists of six pairs of columns, a complete entablature. The columns are decorated with bas-reliefs with images of representatives of agricultural professions.

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On the frieze above the Central opening of the arch is a bas-relief with the coat of arms of the USSR surrounded by banners.

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the arch is Crowned with the sculpture" Тракторист and collective farm girl" (sculptor S. Orlov), symbolizing industry and agriculture.

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