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Musical preferences Alexander III

Запись от Про искусство размещена 21.05.2020 в 12:45

As Alexander III founded a musical group, and what hits pleasing subjects



the Reign of Alexander III historians estimate is ambiguous: one calls him a peacemaker and a people"s monarch, others reactionary and contrreformation. However, none of them argues about the contribution made by the Emperor in the cultural development of the country. It is because of the love of Alexander III to the winds, in Russia there were numerous orchestras, and his passion for music has created a unique court the team that performed works for winds and strings.


Who instilled the crown Prince Alexander"s love for music


Future Emperor Alexander III and his brother Nicholas.

Born March 10, 1846, Prince Alexander began to show interest in music as a very young child. So before reaching three years, he, along with his older brother asked their teachers to buy them a real pipe, which" must play". The requests continued until, until one of the teachers, taking pity on the children, bought them with his own money two tubes.
Baby toy, made of zinc, could make sounds when inflation of the passenger, but these sounds are so cut hearing that brought to a white heat all the home. So after six months, when the yard received a new toy from the parcel promptly seized all that was associated with wind music.

Pull to such tools, the future Emperor was a hereditary passion: his grandfather Nicholas I always had a soft spot for the French horn, flute, cornet-а-пистоне. Having all these tools he called on the-простому" tubes", Nicholas I well they played. Besides, possessing excellent musical memory and good hearing, he composed music, mostly marches, a game which the monarch showed late house concerts in the Winter or the Anichkov Palace.


What kind of music was loved by the Prince, and what are the tools preferred


Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1870) – the world"s most famous Russian composer, a favorite of Alexander III.

it is Noteworthy that in 12-летнем age Alexander was trying to learn to play the piano. Four years Tsarevich" tortured" tool, while his parents, realizing the futility of the classroom, came to the decision to stop them. Oddly enough, but the teenager, who during this time has managed to learn basic scales, accepted the decision quite painful. Not wanting to give up on music education, he remembered his childhood hobby and began taking lessons on the tube.

To the surprise of the family, a new instrument was awakened at Alexander real craving for music – he was engaged on the tube not only with the teacher but in my spare time, playing sometimes up to 10 hours. Favorite musical instruments were for the crown Prince Helikon and type of trumpet – cornet-а-пистон.
Executable them the work of the cornet appreciated at the time even a professional cornet player Jules levy: he described the young man as an excellent musician-любителя and stressed that the cornet is his tool. On Helicon Alexander also liked to play, but matured with age, his shoulders won"t fit in Annularly curved pipe. Later, for the performance of bass parts, the crown Prince had to order the tool under your size.

with regard to musical preferences Alexander, they decided on the age – at first, he practiced and performed more works by foreign composers, and he grew up, joined the repertoire of the Orthodox and Russian folk music.

Tsarevich was very fond of Tchaikovsky"s music. He insisted that the Opera of Tchaikovsky"s" Eugene Onegin" staged in St. Petersburg, at the Imperial theatre. For Alexander III Tchaikovsky wrote the Coronation March and the Coronation cantata. Tchaikovsky was granted by Emperor lifetime pension of 3,000 rubles.


Who was the member of a group of septet, Alexander Alexandrovich, where classes were held and concerts were held


Tsesarevich Alexander played several instrument – hours played on cornet-а-пистоне and Helicon.

In his youth Alexander, brother Nicholas enthusiastically played by the Quartet involving General Polovtsev, cornet player Vasiliy Wurm or teacher Turner. At 23, the future Emperor learned that the Prince of Oldenburg, collects his Palace octet of musicians and set out to listen to their performance. Capturing just in case the cornet, the crown Prince entered the room and, not seeing the audience joined muzicirovanie, losing with them all night.

part in the octet so memorable to Alexander that he would soon set out to create a septet for wind instruments. The regular participants of this septet, except the heir, became General of the Polovtsy and the Prince of Oldenburg with algoname, counts Adam and Alexander Olsufieva – cornet, Alexander bers with Helicon. They were later joined by playing on althorne Baron Meyendorff. Periodically as invited guests in the group were musicians of Turner, Schrader and Berger.

Rehearsals, and concerts were held usually in the spring in the Tsar"s garden – right in the fresh air. In the summer of 1872 the crown Prince also organized a brass band rehearsing in the building of the Admiralty: it is the musicians gathered on Thursdays at 8 PM until 1881. Once a month, the orchestra gave a concert for the princes Maria Feodorovna and her guests to listen were going in the Anichkov Palace.


Alexander III established a court orchestra, the only of its kind in Europe


the Orchestra of the Court muzykantskii choir.

After Alexander became Emperor, he had no time personally to play in the orchestra. However, he was actively involved in musical life, supporting composers and musicians and promoting their live performances. Moreover, upon ascending the throne, Alexander III in 1882 adopted the position of" Court Muzykantskiy the Choir." Created by the orchestra, later increased from 53 to 150 participants, was the first European court brass and then Symphony orchestra, with the approved state musicians.

Himself Emperor, though he moved away from performing the participation in the team, often in his leisure hours played on the French horn, recalls her past.

How to evaluate musical abilities and performing arts Alexander Alexandrovich his contemporaries


Russian orchestral collective was founded by Alexander III in 1882 in St. Petersburg as Court musicians " choir for the service of the Imperial court.

Contemporaries of the king, well versed in the music of foreigners and Russians, have always appreciated the musical talents of Alexander III. So, according to the memoirs of Alexander Alexandrovich bers, the Emperor liked and appreciated music and always had the right representation.

In a similar tone wrote about the Emperor and the other a connoisseur of the musical art count Sergei Sheremetiev:" Alexander III knew and loved the music an open mind, without any bias and claims". American levy, who knew the Emperor from his youth, praised his playing the cornet, and always praised the musical abilities of Alexander.
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