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Запись от Про искусство размещена 18.05.2020 в 11:53

How to create a poetic image of Russian peasant of the nineteenth century: the Secret of the resounding success of the artist Venetsianov

Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov - one of the greatest Russian artists of the XIX century, best known for its natural and dignified image of peasant life and nature. He is credited with creating the genre of painting and the development of the national Russian landscape. Venetsianov also known for its huge role in the training and education of young artists from poor families.

About the artist who created the image of the Russian village

Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov - creative and extraordinary Russian artist of the XIX century, and perhaps one of the most interesting masters of Russian art. Venetsianov @ - the first Russian painter who managed to open the art image of the common man and create art FOR the common man. He portrayed nature without academic splendor and" итальянского" abundance. Alexey Venetsianov was the first artist in the history of Russian art, which not only showed the life of peasants, rural genres, but also created a poetic image of rural Russia.

Venetsianov was born in Moscow in 1780 in the family of an impoverished merchant. His father was descended from a Greek kind of Mahapola-Проко or Farmaki-Проко, a nickname" Венециано" already appeared in Russia, where the great-grandfather of the artist moved with his wife and son in 1740-х years. The boy attended the private school-интернате and was originally prepared for the public service as a forest inspector. Painting at this time was only a hobby, the main case - public service. The artist was lucky: he first appeared an opportunity to study portrait painting Fyodor Rokotov, who lived in the neighborhood. And later, in St. Petersburg, he took painting lessons from the famous Vladimir Borovikovsky, in whose house Venetsianov lived for some time.

the Work of French artist françois Marius Granet was so impressed by it that Venetsianov decided to apply the same techniques on their canvases. He was particularly fascinated by the natural colors and the air atmosphere of the painter. From this time began a more thorough job in painting, and a hobby slowly turned into his life"s work.

Франсуа Мариус Гране

françois Marius Granet" Понте San-Рокко and waterfalls"

In 1802 he moved to St.-Петербург and took courses at the Academy of fine arts. In parallel Venetsianov spent many hours in the Hermitage, copying the works of great masters, especially the Dutch landscape painters. In 1810 the artist received from the Academy the title of honored scientist that contributed to the growth of its popularity.

Девушка с крынкой молока/ Девушка в платке

the girl with the jug of milk/ the Girl in the headscarf

a Private school and the court service

Love of nature and the countryside, as well as a desire to draw natural scenes (in the style of Granet) prompted you to buy a small estate in the Tver province. In 1820 Venetsianov completely abandoned political Affairs and service in favour of painting. He moved to his house, he focused on the depiction of peasants and village life. Now the artist was able to devote himself entirely to art.In 1824 Venetsianov sold his painting" Гумно" big at the time, the amount of - 5000 rubles.


the Barn

by these means, the artist organized in his estate, art school - Safonovskoye school - for talented students who could not afford art education. Venetsianov taught drawing and painting on his own technique. For all time of existence the school graduated about 70 students (including distinguished were G. Soroka, N. Krylov, A. Alekseev, L. Plakhov, A. Tyranov, K. Zelentsov, S. Sarenko and G. Mikhailov). To pay all the costs of the school Venetsianov appealed to Nicholas I with a request for financial support. In 1830, the king appointed Alexei Gavrilovich as his court painter with a salary of 3000 rubles.

Most famous works

the Most famous works of Alexey Venetsianov:

На пашне


Пастушок с рожком/ Вот те и батькин обед

the Boy with the horn/ Here are Batkin lunch

Причащение умирающей

the communion of the dying

Сенокос/ Крестьянские дети в поле

Haymaking/ Peasant children in the field

Спящий пастушок

Sleeping shepherd boy

Кормилица с ребенком/ Девушка с косой

the Nurse with the child/ Girl with a scythe

the Characteristic features of works by Venetsianov, which produced in the Russian artistic environment a lasting impression, was his disregard for academic rules and methods. The works of Venetsianov amaze the audience directly" живой" nature of perception, which was innovative for its time. Venetsianov created beautiful and somewhat idealistic image of the peasants, the dignity of peasant life using natural light and natural environment. His palette is fairly complex, it combines rich yellow-коричневые, green, blue shades. Most of his paintings were created" на the open air.

Success and recognition

Apparent success and uniqueness of Alexey Venetsianov was confirmed by the king and the Empress. In 1818, Venetsianov created a series of portraits of famous public figures. Paintings he gave to the Empress Elizabeth, and in gratitude received from her a gold snuff-box.

And here"s a picture of" Очищение beet", which, as many believe, the beginning of the Russian domestic painting, acquired in 1823 Emperor Alexander I in 1000. The period 1820-х years can be called the most fruitful in the career of this artist Venetsianov wrote many works with a personal message to - to capture the reality as it is without embellishment. The exhibition, held at the Academy of arts in 1824, brought to Alexey Gavrilovich resounding success, and his work was noted by the public and by many critics in the Newspapers.

Работа Алексея Венецианова «Очищение свеклы

the Work of Alexei Venetsianov" Очищение beet

Religious painting: the miracle

Apart from the favourite peasant subjects, Venetsianov was engaged in religious painting, fulfilling orders for nearby churches. Interestingly, the images of Christ, the virgin and the apostles appear all the same familiar features of ordinary peasants (the artist remained true to his ideas).

a year before his death, Alex Gavrilovic has received an important order - the painting of the Church in Kalyazin. Among other images, he needed to naristi the image of the monk Makarii of Kalyazinsk. The artist was not familiar with the history of this Saint and have been looking for pictures with him. But to no avail. Legend has it that the image of Macarius of Kalyazin came to the artist in a dream, then Venetsianova managed to create the appearance of a Saint. However, despite the miraculous event of death prevented her from completing the order from the Church. Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov was 67 years old when he was tragically killed in a traffic accident on a snowy road. The artist"s works are exhibited in the State Tretyakov gallery, State Russian Museum and the Hermitage.

Source: https://kulturologia.EN/blogs/170520/46366/

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