As the Bolsheviks looted and destroyed Russia
Запись от tchaika размещена 15.06.2010 в 19:15
In 1917 the Bolsheviks seized the great internationalist, rich countries Russia. Lest there be any doubt about terminology, I cite the statement of the main Bolshevik:
"The Bolsheviks succeeded in a relatively very easy to solve the problem of the conquest of power in the capital and in major industrial centers of Russia, but in the province in the distal parts of the Soviet authorities had to face resistance, make military form, and only now the task of overcoming oppression and resistance is over in its main features. RUSSIA won by the Bolsheviks.
"Yeah, well, devouring began immediately. For thousands of years Russia has accumulated fabulous wealth, the treasure. They were part of the museums, but mostly in monasteries, churches, gentry and merchant houses, houses of so-called bourgeois, that is, ordinary urban residents, and in the homes of peasants.
In Ivanovo-Voznesensk lived a rich merchant Burylin. He decided to create for the city of Ivanovo-Voznesensk his museum. He had the rare exhibits. Ancient icons Kholmogors'ka bone carving ... The meeting was worth many millions of rubles. This museum Burylin gave the city of Ivanovo-Voznesensk by constructing a specially big beautiful house.
But great changes. In Ivanovo the order came to ship all the exhibits in Moscow to demonstrate the working capital. Upload. Since then they disappeared.
In the Belfry of Ivan the Great in the Kremlin kept the so-called "Patriarch's vestry, that is, all the treasures that have been accumulated Patriarch of All Russia: gifts to them, the patriarchs, for many centuries, and the other States and the Russian tsars, monasteries, churches. There was artistic embroidery, and ancient icons and precious stones in the form of iconic salaries, Reese, Panagia, Metropolitan, bowls and crosses. One day, appeared in the newspaper a little soobschenitse, though at night the whole vestry stolen. They came, de, unknown assailants in a truck and everything was taken away. Who's that in 1918 the Kremlin in the capital, guarded by Latvians and special cadets, could come in a truck and quietly to take the Patriarch's vestry? Where are watching "Iron Felix" with its Cheka? And why do so, and all vanished, like the water, without attempting to catch up, find, solve the crime?
Full confidence that last very long, they did not have. After all, was ahead the entire Civil War. We had to hurry. A formula is simple, even noble: "If we do not stay in power, then to further the revolutionary work on the implementation of the world revolution will be needed money. Do not you? Then it should be, as long as power, as much as possible of these funds to stock up. And they went to Russian treasures in Swiss banks and foreign caches.
In order to rob the monasteries, was found a noble excuse: famine relief. But, first, the hunger at the time was inspired by them that all the grain from the villages were taken by force. Secondly, in the Trinity-Sergius Lavra focused treasures, which would be enough to buy their grain abroad for three years to feed the whole of Russia. Scraped cleaned up everything. Why did not end hunger? If the missing one's laurels, to feed Russia, where it went to the treasures of the hundreds of other monasteries?
From St. George Monastery in Novgorod was removed, among other treasures an icon of the Sign of the Mother of God, carved on a huge emerald. She disappeared without a trace.
Solovki, Valaam Monastery, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, Optin deserts Pochaevskaya laurel, the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, the numerous monasteries in Moscow ...
Plundered monasteries were hundreds and robbed tens of thousands of churches. The same pretext: the fight against hunger. What sort of priest, bishop, Metropolitan would oppose the fight against hunger? Please, they said, is money, there is gold, please. But come in leather jackets, stripped of the icons of gold and silver robe, dumped them in a pile, crumpled up and taken away.
There is a secret letter of Lenin's Politburo.
So, this is not about how to feed the starving population, but about how to take inspired hunger and rob churches and monasteries, give the wealth accumulated by Russia for many centuries.
"It is precisely now and only now, when starving people are eating places and on roads littered with hundreds if not thousands of corpses, we can (and should) be the removal of church valuables with the most savage and merciless energy, not stopping at the suppression of ... We want the resistance by all means necessary to carry out the confiscation of Church property in the strongest and quickest way than we can provide a fund of several hundred million gold rubles (one must remember the enormous wealth of some monasteries and laurel) Get ... into their own hands, this fund of several hundred million gold rubles (and perhaps a few billion), we must at all costs. And to do this successfully is possible only now. All considerations indicate that later we can not do it succeed, since no other time, except for the desperate hunger, does not give us the mood of the peasant masses, who have either provided us with sympathy of the masses, or at least would provide us neytralizovanie of these masses in the sense that victory in the fight against the removal of property remain absolutely and completely on our side ... So I come to an unconditional withdrawal that we have right now to give the most decisive and merciless battle Hundred clergy and suppress their resistance with such brutality that they have not forgotten that for several decades.
The most the campaign for the plan I represent the following:
Officially make whatever arrangements it should only comrade. Kalinin, - never and under no circumstances nedolzhen speak either in print or otherwise before the public, Comrade. Trotsky.
Already sent a telegram on behalf of the Political Bureau of the temporary suspension of seizures should not be annulled. It is to our advantage, because the enemy will sow the idea that we hesitate, if he managed to intimidate us (about this secret telegram, precisely because it is secret, the enemy, of course, will soon learn).
In Shuya (In the small town of Shuya believers resisted the confiscation of Church property) to send one of the most energetic, smart and administrative members of the Central Executive Committee or other members of the central government (better one than a few), and give him verbal instruction through a member of the Politburo. This instruction should be to ensure that he Shuya arrested as much as possible, no less than several dozen members of the local clergy, the local middle class and the local bourgeoisie, on suspicion of direct or indirect involvement in the violent resistance to the decree of the Central Executive Committee of the seizure of church property. .. Politburo will give a detailed directive to the judicial authorities, also an oral process to rebel against Shuisky was conducted with maximum speed and did not end otherwise than to shoot a very large number of the most influential and dangerous reactionaries, the Shuey, and if possible the same way, and not only this city, and Moscow and several other spiritual centers ... The greater the number of representatives of the reactionary bourgeoisie and reactionary clergy we succeed on this occasion to shoot, the better. It must be taught a lesson that it is now public, so that for several decades about any resistance, they did not dare to think ..."
Soloukhin from the book "The last stage", 1976.
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Resistance confiscation of Church property (ie, icons, relics, crosses, salaries, bowls) were, but they were, as we would say, spontaneous. Simply believing the Russians defended and did not want to give her.
In his book "The Red Terror in Russia" on page 103 is the paragraph: "Will we find in life and literature of description, similar to that which leads Steinberg about the incident in Szack district of Tambov province. There are people there revered Vyshinskaya icon of the Mother of God .. . They built prayers and the procession, for which the local Cheka arrested priests and the very icon of ... farmers learned about the harassment, produced by the Cheka on the icon: "spat, shuffled across the floor, and go" wall to rescue the Mother of God. "There were women , old people, kids. In his KGB opened fire with machine guns. "machine gun mowing down the ranks, and they go, can not see anything on the corpses, the wounded, climb straight ahead, his eyes terrible, mothers of the children forward, shouting:" Dear Mother, Patroness, save us, have mercy on all of you go to bed ... "
"Did your generation, that the Cheka first years of the revolution, all of the Cheka, except, perhaps, ordinary time, was not of the Russian people? All!
Shot without trial. You should not have any crime to be thrown in the flow. Russian, university education (not to mention the noble origin) - and the conversation was over. A major figure of the time Latsis taught his subordinates: "Do not look for evidence that the defendant made by word or deed against Soviet power. The first question should be, what class it belongs. This should resolve the question of his fate. We need not punishment, but destruction.
This is not only in Moscow at the Lubyanka. But in all cities, provincial and even county.
And who is to administer affairs?
Chairman of the Central Executive Committee Sverdlov, chief of the army, the second person in the State of Trotsky. Chairmen of the Cheka, consistently, Uritsky, Dzerzhinsky, Menzhinsky. Just imagine: all three main levers of state power and repression - the Central Committee, the Cheka and the army - are at the non-Russian hands. Who goes, seized power in the country? And there are Zinoviev, Kamenev, Lunacharsky, Litvinov (Finkelstein), Zemlyachka Volodarsky Voikov, Mehlis, Berry, Kosior, Gamarnik, Kaganovich ... I can not remember all. You just have to take the lists of the leaders of those times and consider them. There were, however, and people like Dzerzhinsky, Stalin, Mikoyan. But not Russian, on the other side! At Pole, Dzerzhinsky had reason not to love Russia and everything Russian, including the Russian people. Do you think accidentally Cheka on the first day of education led only non-Russian people? Somewhere he could find a place and rusachok the Fool, the same sort of Kalinin. But the KGB? No This case, they could not entrust to others and doing it myself.
And all those of Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebknecht, Clara Zetkin, who tried to seize power simultaneously in Germany, Bela Kun, who was to take power in Hungary ... But there they all managed to twist, leaving the stairwell, and Bela Kun managed to escape us.
The hero of the Hungarian revolution. There is a book about him in the series "Life of Remarkable People". But somehow there's nothing written that on his conscience more than seventy thousand Russian soldiers and officers - only one Crimea. True, he wielded with Zemlyachka.
Once the Wrangel army withdrew from the Crimea, Bela Kun and Zemlyachka were there on a special mission. Many Russian officers from the love of Russia, to their native land did not want to go abroad. Whether that will remain at home.
It turned out prescription Crimean revolutionary government: "All officers to register for their employment. Russian gullible fools glad, crowds went to register. They were all gathered and shot. About seventy thousand. Go. Can you imagine now? And did it Zemlyachka and Bela Kun.
Here are the words of Lenin:
"The concept of dictatorship means nothing else than the unlimited, no laws, no absolute rules are not constrained by directly relying on the power of violence" (Vol. XXV, p. 441). And again: "all shot without too much idiotic red tape."
Note that the size of the Bolshevik Party at the time of the February Revolution, in recognition of Zinoviev at the XI Congress of the RCP (b), was only about 5000 people, besides its leaders were in exile. "The working class was then set defencist" (Zinoviev).
Bukharin - the golden boy of the revolution "(as he called VI), a theoretician of the party - theorized as follows:" Proletarian compulsion in all forms, ranging from shootings, is a method of making the communist human rights of the material of the capitalist era. "
Soloukhin "last stage"
Later, under Stalin, Nadezhda Mandelstam Y., intelligent woman, and I think regretting the set of trees planted in the camp and repressed, also without charge or trial, correctly realized, and says: "Who knew that by canceling any legitimacy in the first years of the revolution, we canceled her and for himself. "
Soloukhin "BOWL» http://rus-sky.com/history/library/solouhin1.htm
"The power of the Bolsheviks in a sharp, sudden, and in brazen violation of all rules designed to humane, trusting, believing in fairness, justice, rule of law people. You can call it a sudden violation of law, which was to be expected in pre-revolutionary society.
In humans, accustomed to the way of pre-revolutionary Russia, there lived a belief that if they have nothing to blame, not transgressed the law, and make them can not do anything and have no rights. Nobody would have thought that you can load all the former ministers in the steamer and flood in the middle of the Neva. What can I enter the house and in front of the owners of all of his carry, but the owners themselves drive, and even kill.
The first few days no one seriously took the gang, seized power and called themselves Bolsheviks. Whispered, sat out for home with a calculation: "Let's see what happens next." And then immediately after half an hour after the seizure of power, began to kill, but to kill en masse, striking the nerve centers, to paralyze.
Realized what was happening at the time when all the vital centers, and most importantly - the power in the hands of the Bolsheviks. All ammunition depots, weapons, armored train, the main armament factories were among them.
Allies pretended supplies. These countries have played a double, in fact, the treacherous role. In their favor was the extension of possible civil war. So they tossed it polentsa in the form of aid. For the longer Russian war with each other, the more they will kill each other, the weaker will be in the end these people. Let victorious Bolsheviks. One could predict years of economic chaos, during reconstruction, the years of famine, the years of violence, the years of isolation of the new state, decades of mismanagement and confusion. They have made his point: Russia as their main competitor on the world market in industry, agriculture, the economy in general was defeated, weakened, eliminated a good long while.
Do not forget that white Russian army was voluntary, and the Bolshevik Red Army was created as a result of massive, brutal mobilization in all the territories subordinated to the Bolsheviks, or simply it was more numerous, it exceeded the size of the white army but many times. Division against the regiment - roughly the balance of forces was, and even more dramatic. It is now known for certain that the discipline in the Red Army during the Civil War rested on ruthless executions, the hostage (you will not fight - they will kill your family) and the detachments. Behind the Front - chonovtsy (Latvians and Chinese) with machine guns.
Soloukhin "last stage"
In 1919 AV Tyrkova-Williams, in a book published then in England, wrote: "Among the bolshevik deflector very little Russian, ie few people who impregnated all-Russian culture and the interests of the Russian people ... Along with the obvious foreigners Bolshevism drew many followers from among the exiles who have lived many years abroad. Some had never been to Russia. They spoke in Russian bad. The people over whom they seized power, was alien to them, but they behave like the victors in the conquered country. They often changed their names to the Russian ... But this masquerade no one cheated.
In February 1920 in London «Sunday Herald» Winston Churchill wrote: "Now this band of notable personalities from the underground cities of Europe and America, grabbed her hair and throat Russian people, and became undisputed masters of the vast Russian empire."
For example, an interesting characteristic of the Under Extraordinary Commission (Cheka), the first assistant Dzerzhinsky: Peters, Yakov (nickname Peters Leagues) - Soviet politician and statesman, one of the founders Cheka, an official of high rank.
During the Revolution, 1905-1907, according to the questionnaire, conducted agitation among the peasants and farm laborers. In March 1907, he was arrested. He was accused in the assassination attempt on the life of the plant's director during the strike, but was acquitted in late 1908 Riga court-martial.
In 1909 he emigrated, he lived in London. He was a member of the London Group of the Social Democracy of the Latvian Territory (SDLC), the British Socialist Party and the Communist club.
December 23, 1910 arrested by British police on suspicion of involvement in the murder of police officers during a robbery in Houndsditch night 16-17 December.
January 3, 1911 occurred the famous "Siege of Sydney Street» (Siege of Sidney Street), where several Latvian terrorists during the day were shot by the police. The center of the terrorists has been destroyed only with the participation of military units and artillery, field operations commander of the then Interior Minister Winston Churchill. Murder case in Houndsditch, and the siege of Sydney Street Peters was arrested and spent 5 months in prison, after which in May 1911 was acquitted for lack of evidence.
Georges Simenon Peters Leagues »:
"It is extremely agile and dangerous entity indeterminate nationality, but it is clear from Northern Europe. Presumably Latvian or Estonian, fluent in Russian, French, English and German. It is widely established, known as the head of a major international gang specializing in fraud.
Banda operate with, first in Paris, then in Amsterdam (the case of Van Heuvel), Berlin (case united Owners), Warsaw (case Lipman), as well as in other European cities, where their actions were not so clearly identified.
Most associates Peters Latvians presumably Anglo-Saxons. One of them, most often appearing with Peters, a Latvian, was arrested upon presenting a false receipt for payment to the Federal Bank of Berne and killed during detention.
Peters Leagues arrested twice. For the first time in Wiesbaden, for fraud amounting to half a million marks of damage to a businessman from Munich, the second - in Madrid for a similar crime, the victim of which was a nob to the Spanish court. Both times, Peters Leagues acted the same way. He had met his victim, which, of course, insisted that the amount stolen are in a safe place, and his arrest will not be able to return them.
The possible connection with a gang Maronetti (printing counterfeit money and forged securities), as well as with the gang from Cologne (so-called "drill walls").
In the European Police rumor that Peters Leagues - chef and "banker" or one of many bands that are concentrated in his hands, including investments in industrial companies, a few million, placed on different names at banks.
"He married the daughter of a British banker Maze Freeman (Maisie Freeman).
Before the February Revolution Peters held the post of superintendent of a large British import trading company.
After the February Revolution of 1917 came via Murmansk to Petrograd.
In the October days of 1917 - a member of the Petrograd Revolutionary Military Committee. Prepared the military units to the October Revolution.
After the October Revolution - a member of the board and deputy chairman of the Cheka, the chairman of the Revolutionary Tribunal.
(By December 1917 the situation in Petrograd tense. More than a month continued sabotage of the officials. To counter this, it was decided to establish a special commission. The post of chairman of the committee was proposed to Dzerzhinsky. December 7, 1917 at a meeting of the CPC held under the chairmanship of Lenin, had heard a report Dzerzhinsky on the organization and composition of the commission. SNK decided to call the commission All-Russian Extraordinary Commission to the Council of People's Commissars of the anti-revolution and sabotage, and approved its composition.
Resolution of the CPC on February 21, 1918 "The Socialist Fatherland is in danger" first put on the Cheka law-court resolution of cases with application execution. February 23, 1918 the Cheka announced that he sees no other measures against counter-revolutionaries and other parasites, but their ruthless destruction of the crime scene.
The first trio consisted of FE Dzerzhinsky, VA Alexandrovich and YA.H. Peters).
July 23, 1918 by order of Peters were arrested workers - members of All-Russian Congress of the working.
Interview with Peters:
"Before the murder Uritskogo in Petrograd was not shooting, and after him too much and often indiscriminately, while Moscow in response to the attempt on Lenin said, only to shoot a few tsarist ministers.
You ask for amnesty? No, amnesty will not. We just strongly unload prisons from benign element. This is now responsible for a special commission.
As for those arrested Mensheviks, then we share them on active and passive. The latter will be released, first they have no mercy.
Now comes the most critical moment for the revolution. International counter-revolution is preparing a grand crusade against Bolshevism. This campaign may again give wings hushed the Russian bourgeoisie, but I declare that the any attempt of the Russian bourgeoisie once again raise their heads met with such resistance and so forth, before which all the pale of what is meant under the red terror, ». http://bookz.ru/authors/simenon-jorj...ers-l_601.html
As a result of this "legendary figure" was among the 20,000 security officers, victims of Stalinist purges .
What Russia was on the eve of the revolution: http://www.pravaya.ru/govern/391/507
A well-known French economist Edmond Teri predicted: "If the great European peoples things go the same way between 1912 and 1950 as they were between 1910 and 1912, by the middle of this century, Russia will dominate in Europe, both politically and economically and financially.
So, science in Russia was at the global level, the literature blossomed. Flourished. Yes, sir. Then take the music. Tchaikovsky
Mussorgsky, Borodin, Rachmaninoff, Rimsky-Korsakov, Scriabin ... All bloom
all singing and playing. As for the game. Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko create a new theater, singing Sobinov, Nezhdanoff sings, sings Obukhov, Chaliapin sings, finally. Where did they take it? Were put into effect the genetic resources of the people. The people came out to the world scene, people took to the stage of their
flowering. Terms and conditions - climate. Social climate. Enthusiasts will organize private opera, private museums, publishing dozens of magazines, books, going
unique library ... Tretyakov Gallery was founded and assembled the merchant. Rumyantsev Museum, now the Lenin Library. Named, not only
book, but the name. Rumyantsev collected, Rumyantsev created, and the name of Lenin - why? Another merchant, in Ivanovo-Voznesensk Burylin, creates his own money and gives a unique museum of its city Tenisheva near Smolensk, creates a school for teaching folk art. In Abramtsevo grows Center
Russian folk art. Architects enthusiasts are building on their own initiative beautiful buildings and churches, artists, enthusiasts to paint, decorate with mosaics ...
At the same time explorers Przewalski, Semenov-Tian-Shansky, Arseniev are actively exploring the outskirts of Russia.
At the same time there are such artists as Surikov, Repin, Serov, Vrubel, Roerich, Kustodiev, Ryabushkin, Kuindzhi, Ge, Vereshchagin, Savrasov, Benois, Korovin, Polenov ...
Fast forward from the art and science in the low-lying areas. Products. Eighteen thousand fairs a year with a turnover of 2 billion rubles. Who are they selling, and who is buying? And in all cities in Russia almost every day the markets, every week, anyway. And in these markets - everything from firewood to oats, from skin to wheat, from corrugated iron to the finished log house, but that list - all-everything required demand. And the food? From bovine offal to the abundance of black caviar from beef tongue to the sturgeon. Vobla cost ruble per sack. Piled under a shed, not even locked. The men went to the post in the city and brought bags of frozen perch. Stalls throughout the empire overwhelmed products, restaurants are full of food.
in the country turn gold money. Paid out in gold. This is your generation knew or not? So keep in mind that gold can turn freely only in the economically prosperous country with a strong, stable balance.
And they were not sold for a song such as dealers Hummer 5000 unique paintings from the Hermitage, and it was not yet blown up in Moscow alone, 427 churches (and the country 92%), and had not yet been thrown across the country, bells, and rustled in the country annual fairs: the Intercession, at St. Peter's Day, on Assumption Day, at Trinity ...
That image of a Russian peasant Nekrasov (this writer can not be suspected of embellishment of reality. But this is his words: "Oh, chock-full of crate, there are chintz and brocade"):
It is clear and strong consciousness
With all of their salvation in work.
And her work is the reward -
The family is not struggling in poverty.
Always they have a warm hut
Bread baked, tasty kvasok,
Healthy and hungry guys
At the feast there is an extra piece.
There is this woman to the Mass.
Prev whole family to come.
He sits as a chair, two
A child on her breast.
A row of six sons
Dressed uterus is ...
And in my heart this picture
To all those who love Russian people.
Why it was necessary to destroy this country and a peasantry? When we want to prove that the peasantry in Russia in poverty, that Russia was a poor country, it wants to ask: where did the six million affluent households for the liquidation of the kulaks? If a country rich in 6.000.000 farms, can we call it a poor? Now let me ask, if all blossomed: science, music, literature, theater, singing voice, ballet, painting, architecture, rapidly developing industry, treading on the heels of the most advanced countries, a Russian bread and bacon piled with world markets, in villages, festivals, dances and Songs, Carnival rides, shops are full of products, cheap, accessible - and that's where it all blossomed, then what is rotten?
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